List of Great Britain Heritage and Private Railways

List of British Heritage and Private Railways
This is a list of heritage, private and preserved railways throughout the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies, and British Overseas Territories whether operational or closed, that are operated for charitable purposes or shareholder profit. Some also provide economic local transport.
Many of the standard-gauge railways listed, including former branch lines and ex-mainline routes, were closed by British Railways under the Beeching Axe of the 1960s. Most have been restored and operate as heritage lines. A smaller number of lines were formerly industrial or colliery railways.
Many of these preserved railways are mentioned in national and international tour guides, and visits may form part of a school curriculum or feature in other studies, including civil engineering, mechanics, social, economic and political history, visual arts and drama.
This list also includes tramways. Nearly all tram services in Britain ended in the 1950s and early 1960s, leaving just Blackpool Corporation Tramways, although some big cities have since revived them in the late 20th century onwards.
British Heritage Railways in England

British Heritage Railways in the East of England

Standard Gauge Heritage Railways in the East of England
  • Colne Valley Railway, Castle Hedingham, Essex
  • Epping Ongar Railway, Ongar, Essex
  • Mid-Norfolk Railway, Dereham, Norfolk
  • Mid Suffolk Light Railway, Brockford, Suffolk
  • Nene Valley Railway, Wansford, Cambridgeshire
  • North Norfolk Railway, Sheringham, Norfolk
Railway Centres and Museums as Heritage Railways in the East of Englnd
  • Bressingham Steam and Gardens, Diss, Norfolk
  • East Anglian Railway Museum, Chappel & Wakes Colne Station, Essex
  • Mangapps Railway Museum, Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex
  • Railworld Wildlife Haven, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire
  • Whitwell & Reepham Railway, Reepham, Norfolk
Narrow Gauge Heritage Railways in the East of England
  • Bressingham Steam and Gardens, Diss, Norfolk
  • Great Whipsnade Railway, ZSL Whipsnade Zoo, Bedfordshire
  • Leighton Buzzard Light Railway, Bedfordshire
  • Southend Pier Railway, Southend-on-Sea, Essex
  • Waltham Abbey Royal Gunpowder Mills, Essex
  • Yaxham Light Railway, Norfolk – private site
Miniature Gauge Heritage Railways in the East of England
  • Audley End Railway, Essex
  • Bure Valley Railway, Aylsham, Norfolk
  • Bushey Miniature Railway, Bushey, Hertfordshire
  • East Herts Miniature Railway, Ware, Hertfordshire
  • Eaton Park Miniature Railway, Norwich, Norfolk
  • Fancott Miniature Railway, Bedfordshire
  • Rex Express, Paradise Wildlife Park, Hertfordshire
  • Great Woburn Railway, Woburn, Bedfordshire
  • Museum of Power, Langford, Essex
  • Wells & Walsingham Light Railway, Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk
Tramways as Heritage Railways in the East of England
  • East Anglia Transport Museum, Lowestoft, Suffolk

British Heritage Railways in the East Midlands

Standard Gauge Heritage Railways in the East Midlands
  • Battlefield Line, Shackerstone, Leicestershire
  • Ecclesbourne Valley Railway, Wirksworth, Derbyshire
  • Great Central Railway, Loughborough, Leicestershire
  • Lincolnshire Wolds Railway, Ludborough, Lincolnshire
  • Midland Railway – Butterley, Derbyshire
  • Mountsorrel Railway, Mountsorrel, Leicestershire
  • Northampton & Lamport Railway, Pitsford and Brampton, Northamptonshire
  • Northants Ironstone Railway, Hunsbury Hill, Northamptonshire
  • Nottingham Heritage Railway, Ruddington, Nottinghamshire
  • Peak Rail, Matlock, Derbyshire
  • Rushden, Higham & Wellingborough Railway, Rushden, Northamptonshire
Railway Centres and Museums as Heritage Railways in the East Midlands
  • Appleby Frodingham Railway, Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire
  • Barrow Hill Railway Centre, Barrow Hill nr Chesterfield, Derbyshire
  • Nottingham Heritage Railway, Ruddington, Nottinghamshire
  • Rushden Transport Museum, Northamptonshire
  • Rutland Railway Museum, Cottesmore, Rutland
Narrow Gauge Heritage Railways in the East Midlands
  • Billing Aquadrome Miniature Railway, Great Billing, Northamptonshire
  • Crowle Peatland Railway, Crowle, North Lincolnshire
  • Derbyshire Dales Narrow Gauge Railway, Rowsley, Derbyshire
  • Golden Valley Light Railway, Butterley, Derbyshire
  • Greenlea Light Railway, Burbage, Leicestershire - private site
  • Irchester Narrow Gauge Railway Museum, Irchester, Wellingborough, Northamptonshire
  • Lincolnshire Coast Light Railway, Skegness, Lincolnshire
  • Narrow Gauge Railway, Mountsorrel, Leicestershire
  • North Ings Farm Railway, Lincolnshire
  • Steeple Grange Light Railway, Wirksworth, Derbyshire
  • Wicksteed Park Railway, Kettering, Northamptonshire
Miniature Gauge Heritage Railways in the East Midlands
  • Cleethorpes Coast Light Railway, Lincolnshire
  • Mablethorpe Miniature Railway, Queens Park, Mablethorpe, Lincolnshire
  • Stapleford Miniature Railway, near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire
Tramways as Heritage Railways in the East Midlands
  • National Tramway Museum, Crich, Derbyshire

British Heritage Railways in the North of England

Standard Gauge Heritage Railways in the North of England
  • Aln Valley Railway, Alnwick, Northumberland
  • Bowes Railway, Tyne and Wear
  • Derwent Valley Light Railway, Murton, North Yorkshire
  • East Lancashire Railway, Bury, Greater Manchester
  • Eden Valley Railway, Warcop, Cumbria
  • Elsecar Heritage Railway, South Yorkshire
  • Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway, Embsay, North Yorkshire
  • Keighley & Worth Valley Railway, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  • Lakeside & Haverthwaite Railway, Haverthwaite, nr Staveley, Cumbria
  • Middleton Railway, Hunslet, West Yorkshire
  • North Tyneside Steam Railway, North Shields, Tyne and Wear
  • North Yorkshire Moors Railway, Pickering, North Yorkshire
  • Ribble Steam Railway, Preston, Lancashire
  • Stainmore Railway, Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria
  • Tanfield Railway, Marley Hill, County Durham
  • Weardale Railway, Stanhope, County Durham
  • Wensleydale Railway, Leeming Bar, North Yorkshire
  • Yorkshire Wolds Railway, Sledmere–Fimber, East Yorkshire
Railway Centres and Museums as Heritage Railways in the North of England
  • Beamish Museum & Railway Centre, County Durham
  • Carnforth Railway Centre, Carnforth, Lancashire
  • Crewe Heritage Centre, Crewe, Cheshire
  • Head of Steam, Darlington, County Durham
  • Haig Colliery Mining Museum, Cumbria
  • Leeds Industrial Museum, Armley, West Yorkshire
  • Locomotion, Shildon, County Durham
  • Monkwearmouth Station Museum, Sunderland (closed 2016)
  • National Railway Museum, York, North Yorkshire
  • South Yorkshire Transport Museum, Aldwarke, Rotherham, South Yorkshire
  • Stephenson Railway Museum, West Chirton, Tyne and Wear
Narrow Gauge Heritage Railways in the North of England
  • Eaton Hall Railway, Cheshire – private site
  • Heatherslaw Light Railway, Northumberland
  • South Tynedale Railway between Alston, Cumbria and Slaggyford, Northumberland
  • Threlkeld Quarry and Mining Railway, Cumbria
  • West Lancashire Light Railway, Hesketh Bank, Lancashire
  • Woodhorn Narrow Gauge Railway, Ashington, Northumberland
Miniature Gauge Heritage Railways in the North of England
  • All in one Miniature Railway, Knutsford nr Allostock, Cheshire
  • Blackpool Zoo Railway, Blackpool, Lancashire
  • Brookside Miniature Railway, Poynton, Cheshire
  • Dragon Miniature Railway, Marple, nr Stockport, Greater Manchester
  • High Legh Miniature Railway, High Legh, Cheshire
  • Whistlestop Valley, Clayton West, West Yorkshire
  • Knowsley Safari Park Railway, Knowsley, Merseyside
  • Halton Miniature Railway, Runcorn, Cheshire
  • Lakeside Miniature Railway, Pleasureland Southport, Merseyside
  • North Bay Railway, Scarborough, North Yorkshire
  • Pleasure Beach Express, Blackpool Pleasure Beach, Lancashire
  • Pugneys Light Railway, Wakefield, West Yorkshire
  • Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway, Cumbria
  • Wirral Model Engineering Society, Royden Park, Wirral, Merseyside
  • Saltburn Miniature Railway, Saltburn, North Yorkshire
  • South Park Miniature Railway, Cheadle Hulme, Greater Manchester
  • Teesside Small Gauge Railway, Preston Park, Stockton-on-Tees
  • Walton Park Miniature Railway, Sale, Greater Manchester
  • Windmill Farm Railway, Bursough, Lancashire
  • Thorpe Light Railway, Whorlton, County Durham
Tramways as Heritage Railways in the North of England
  • Beamish Museum, County Durham
  • Bradford Industrial Museum, Eccleshill, (nr Bradford), West Yorkshire
  • Heaton Park Tramway, Manchester, Greater Manchester
  • Shipley Glen Tramway, Shipley, West Yorkshire
  • Wirral Transport Museum and Heritage Tramway, Birkenhead, Merseyside

British Heritage Railways in the South East

Standard Gauge Heritage Railways in the South East
  • Bluebell Railway, Sheffield Park, Sussex
  • Chinnor & Princes Risborough Railway, Chinnor, Oxfordshire / Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire
  • Cholsey & Wallingford Railway, Wallingford, Oxfordshire
  • East Kent Railway, Shepherdswell, Kent
  • Isle of Wight Steam Railway, Havenstreet, Isle of Wight
  • Kent & East Sussex Steam Railway, Tenterden, Kent
  • Lavender Line, Isfield, East Sussex
  • Rother Valley Railway, Robertsbridge, East Sussex (land purchases in progress)
  • Spa Valley Railway, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Kent
  • Watercress Line, New Alresford, Hampshire
Railway Centres and Museums as Heritage Railways in the South East
  • Buckinghamshire Railway Centre, Quainton, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire
  • Chatham Historic Dockyard Railway, Kent
  • Didcot Railway Centre, Didcot, Oxfordshire
  • London Transport Museum, Covent Garden, Central London
  • Southall Railway Centre, Southall, West London
Narrow Gauge Heritage Railways in the South East
  • Amberley Museum Railway, Amberley, West Sussex
  • Great Bush Railway, Tinkers Park, Hadlow Down, East Sussex
  • Bredgar & Wormshill Light Railway, near Sittingbourne, Kent
  • Exbury Gardens Railway, Beaulieu, Hampshire
  • Hayling Seaside Railway, Hayling Island, Hampshire
  • Hollycombe Steam Collection, near Liphook, Hampshire
  • Hythe Pier Ferry Railway, Hampshire
  • Old Kiln Light Railway, Rural Life Centre, Reeds Road, Tilford, Farnham, Surrey
  • Hampton & Kempton Waterworks Railway, Hanworth/Hampton, London.
  • London Museum of Water & Steam, Kew Bridge, Brentford, London
  • Mail Rail, short section of the former London Post Office Railway opened to public since 2017
  • Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway, Kent
  • Sittingbourne & Kemsley Light Railway, Kent
  • Volk's Electric Railway, Brighton, East Sussex
Miniature Gauge Heritage Railways in the South East
  • Bekonscot Light Railway, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire
  • Blenheim Park Railway, Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire
  • Beech Hurst Park Miniature Railway, Haywards Heath, West Sussex
  • Crowborough Miniature Railway, Crowborough, East Sussex
  • Eastleigh Lakeside Steam Railway, Hampshire
  • Frimley Lodge Park Railway, Surrey
  • Great Cockcrow Railway, Chertsey, Surrey
  • Harlington Locomotive Society, Hayes, Middlesex
  • Hastings Miniature Railway, Hastings Seafront, East Sussex
  • Ickenham Miniature Railway, Ickenham, London
  • Malden District Society of Model Engineers, Thames Ditton, Surrey
  • Moors Valley Railway, near Ringwood, Hampshire
  • Reading Society of Model Engineers, Reading Berkshire
  • Royal Victoria Railway, Southampton, Hampshire
  • Ruislip Lido Railway, Ruislip, London
  • South Downs Light Railway, Pulborough, West Sussex
  • Watford Miniature Railway, Cassiobury Park, Watford, Hertfordshire
  • Woking Miniature Railway, Knaphill, Surrey

British Heritage Railways in the South West

Standard Gauge Heritage Railways in the South West
  • Avon Valley Railway, Bitton, Gloucestershire
  • Bodmin & Wenford Railway, Bodmin, Cornwall
  • Dartmouth Steam Railway, Paignton, Devon
  • Dean Forest Railway, Norchard, Gloucestershire
  • East Somerset Railway, Cranmore, Somerset
  • Helston Railway, Prospidnick, Cornwall
  • Plym Valley Railway, Marsh Mills, Plympton, Devon
  • North Dorset Railway, Shillingstone, Dorset
  • Somerset & Dorset Railway, Midsomer Norton, Somerset
  • South Devon Railway, Buckfastleigh, Devon
  • Swanage Railway, Swanage, Dorset
  • Swindon & Cricklade Railway, Blunsdon, Wiltshire
  • Tarka Valley Railway, Great Torrington, Devon
  • West Somerset Railway, Minehead, Somerset
Railway Centres and Museums as Heritage Railways in the South West
  • Bideford Railway Heritage Centre, Bideford, Devon
  • Bristol Harbour Railway, Bristol
  • Steam – Museum of the Great Western Railway, Swindon, Wiltshire
  • Yeovil Railway Centre, Yeovil, Somerset
Narrow Gauge Heritage Railways in the South West
  • Bicton Woodland Railway, Devon
  • Devon Railway Centre, Bickleigh, Devon
  • Exmoor Steam Railway, Devon – private site
  • Gartell Light Railway, Templecombe, Somerset
  • Launceston Steam Railway, Launceston, Cornwall
  • Lea Bailey Light Railway. Gloucestershire / Herefordshire border
  • Lynbarn Railway, Devon
  • Lynton & Barnstaple Railway, Woody Bay, Devon
  • Morwellham Quay Open Air Museum, Devon
  • Westonzoyland Pumping Station Museum, Somerset
Miniature Gauge Heritage Railways in the South West
  • Beer Heights Light Railway, Devon
  • Berkeley Light Railway, Gloucestershire
  • Exmouth Miniature Railway, Devon
  • Gorse Blossom Farm Railway, Devon
  • Lappa Valley Steam Railway, Cornwall
  • Longleat Railway, Wiltshire
  • Moors Valley Railway, Ashley Heath, Dorset
  • Perrygrove Railway, Coleford, Gloucestershire
  • Bickington Steam Railway, Trago Mills, Devon
Tramways as Heritage Railways in the South West
  • Seaton Tramway, Seaton, Devon

British Heritage Railways in the West Midlands

Standard Gauge Heritage Railways in the West Midlands
  • Cambrian Heritage Railways, Oswestry and Llynclys, Shropshire
  • Chasewater Railway, Chasewater Country Park, Brownhills, Staffordshire
  • Churnet Valley Railway, Cheddleton, Staffordshire
  • Foxfield Light Railway, Blythe Bridge, Staffordshire
  • Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway, Toddington, Gloucestershire and Broadway, Worcestershire
  • Severn Valley Railway, Bridgnorth, Shropshire
  • Telford Steam Railway, Horsehay, Shropshire
Railway Centres and Museums as Heritage Railways in the West Midlands
  • Coleford Great Western Railway Museum, Coleford, Gloucestershire
  • Tyseley Railway Centre, Tyseley, Warwickshire
  • Winchcombe Railway Museum, Winchcombe, Gloucestershire
Narrow Gauge Heritage Railways in the West Midlands
  • Amerton Railway, Staffordshire
  • Apedale Valley Light Railway, Chesterton, Newcastle Under Lyme, Staffordshire
  • Bromyard and Linton Light Railway, Bromyard, Herefordshire – private site
  • Moseley Railway Trust, Chesterton, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  • North Gloucestershire Railway, Toddington, Gloucestershire
  • Perrygrove Railway, Gloucestershire
  • Rudyard Lake Steam Railway, Rudyard, Staffordshire
  • Statfold Barn Railway, Tamworth, Staffordshire – private site
Miniature Gauge Heritage Railways in the West Midlands
  • Broomy Hill Railway, Herefordshire
  • Downs Light Railway, Colwall, Worcestershire (also the oldest private miniature railway worldwide)
  • Echills Wood Railway, Kingsbury Waterpark, Warwickshire
  • Evesham Vale Light Railway, Evesham Country Park, Worcestershire
  • Weston Park Railway, Shropshire
Tramways as Heritage Railways in the West Midlands
  • Black Country Living Museum, Dudley, West Midlands


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