Gmunden Tramway / Traunsee Tram

Gmunden Tramway / Traunsee Tram

The Gmunden Tramway is part of the tram-train-system Traunsee Tram, that opened in 2018 and is located in Upper Austria, Austria. The Traunsee Tram connects the shortest and oldest tram system in Austria with the Traunseebahn. It is operated by Stern & Hafferl, which was founded in 1893. The tramway was opened on 13 August 1894. It is 2.3 km long. The line's maximum gradient of 9.6% makes it one of the world's steepest surviving adhesion-only tram lines.

Gmunden Tramway History

The works, directed by the engineers Josef Stern and Franz Hafferl, began on 25 February 1894. It took five months to build the entire tramway, one depot, one power plant and two buildings for employees. The original route ran from the railway station (named Rudolfsbahnhof at that time) to "Rathausplatz" (i.e. Town Hall Square).

In 1975 the route was shortened to Franz-Josef-Platz. There were several renovations in the late 1990s and the following decade, including the renewal of "Keramik" station and of the Tennisplatz - Franz-Josef-Platz route. In February 2013, the municipal council of Gmunden decided to link the tram to the Traunseebahn and this opened in 2018.

Traunsee Tram

The tram-train system opened in 2018. The former route to Rathausplatz has been reactivated and a new route links to the new terminus of the Traunseebahn at Klosterplatz. The tram-train has its terminus in Vorchdorf. In Gmunden the tramway route runs entirely in the town, from the railway station to the central Franz-Josef-Platz on the Traunsee lake. It includes eight stations, with two closed and one replaced.

A planned extension to the Seebahnhof, terminal station of the Traunsee Railway Gmunden-Vorchdorf has been partially built. This includes three stations and uses the route "Franz-Josef-Platz" - "Rathausplatz". The reopening of Postgebäude is not planned.

The line is unusual in that all platforms are on one side of this single track line. In view of this, the cars that run on it only have doors on one side but have driving positions at both ends.

Gmunden Tramway Rolling Stock
No Origin Year built Length Weight V max Output Remarks
8 Lohner/Kiepe 1961 13.4 m 16.0 t 60 km/h 200 kW Fitted with full pantograph; rebuilt in 1978 for one-man operation; otherwise in original condition
9 Ex-Vestische Straßenbahnen GmbH (No. 347), built by Duewag/Kiepe 1952 14.3 m 17.0 t 70 km/h 200 kW Entered service on the Gmunden tramway in 1977, fitted with full pantograph and magnetic track brakes, doors on the off side sealed
10 Ex-Vestische Straßenbahnen GmbH (No. 341), built by Duewag/Kiepe 1952 14.3 m 17.0 t 70 km/h 200 kW Entered service on the Gmunden tramway in 1983, fitted with full pantograph and magnetic track brakes, doors on the off side sealed
5 Grazer Waggonfabrik/SSW 1911 9.1 m 11.0 t 30 km/h 52 kW  
100 Ex-Pöstlingbergbahn car IV; built by Grazer Waggonfabrik 1898 6.8 m 8.8 t 14 km/h 40.8 kW Open-sided; fitted with a bow collector. Acquired from the Pöstlingbergbahn (Linz) in 1995

List of all Earlier Gmunden Trams, Built Between 1893 and 1907:
No. Year of construction Origin Output Weight Length
1 1894 Rohrbacher/AEG 2*13 kW 6.6 t 8 m
2 1894 Rohrbacher/AEG 2*13 kW 6.6 t 8 m
3 1894 Rohrbacher/AEG 2*13 kW 6.6 t 8 m
4 (I) 1895 Rohrbacher/AEG 2*13 kW 6.6 t 8 m
4 (II) 1913 Ganz & Co 2*40,5 kW 13 t 9.53 m
5 1911 Siemens/Grazer W 2*26 kW 11.0 t 9.08 m
6 1907 Siemens/Grazer W 2*25,5 kW 10.3 t 8.7 m
7 1907 Siemens/Grazer W 2*25,5 kW 10.3 t 8.7 m

Gmunden Tramway / Traunsee Tram Overview

Gmunden Tramway Owner: ÖBB
Gmunden Tramway Locale: Gmunden, Austria
Gmunden Tramway Termini:
Gmunden Bahnhof
Gmunden Tramway Stations: 8
Gmunden Tramway Service Type: Tram-train
Gmunden Tramway Operator(s): Stern & Hafferl
Gmunden Tramway History Opened: 13 August 1894
Gmunden Tramway Line Length: 3.090 km (1.920 mi)
Gmunden Tramway Number of Tracks: Single track
Gmunden Tramway Track Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+3/8 in)
Gmunden Tramway Electrification: 600 V DC Overhead lines

Gmunden Tramway Route Map

Station                        Km            Notes
Gmunden (Bahnhof) 0.00 Station on the Salzkammergut Railway, tram depot planned
Gmunden Grüner Wald 0.35 closed in 2014
Gmundner Keramik 0.60 Built in 2005 to substitute the nearby "Gmunden Kraftstation", passing loop, tram depot
Gmunden Rosenkranz 1.00
Gmunden Tennisplatz 1.36 passing loop
Gmunden Kuferzeile 1.60
Gmunden Parkstraße 1.77 closed
Bezirkshauptmannschaft 2.05
Gmunden Korso 2.22 closed
Gmunden Franz-Josef-Platz 2.32 Terminal 1975-2018
Gmunden Postgebäude 2.42 closed in 1975
Gmunden Rathausplatz 2.54 closed in 1975, reactivated 1.9.2018.
Gmunden Klosterplatz 2.84 Terminus of the Traun railway since 2014, connection to the Traunseebahn since 1.9.2018.
Gmunden Seebahnhof 3.09 New terminal station on the Traunsee Railway since 2014

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