Amtrak Route - Northeast-Midwest

Amtrak Northeast-Midwest

Amtrak Route - Northeast-Midwest

This listing included current and discontinued routes operated by Amtrak since May 1, 1971. Some intercity trains were also operated after 1971 by the Alaska Railroad, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Georgia Railroad, Reading Company, and Southern Railway. The Southern Railway and D&RGW routes were taken over by Amtrak in 1979 and 1983 respectively.
 
Name Indicates Amtrak's name for the train, or in some cases the pre-Amtrak name for trains operating prior to November 14, 1971
Route The endpoints and major intermediate stops for the train. Changes to terminal stations within the same city, as well as route changes that did not modify the endpoint cities, are not shown.
Service
Began
The date Amtrak began operating the train
Service
Ended
The date Amtrak ceased operating the train
Notes Additional information concerning name changes and prior operators
Trains conveyed to Amtrak either on May 1, 1971, or afterward
Trains that are currently operating
†‡ Trains conveyed to Amtrak that are currently operating

Current Amtrak Route - Northeast-Midwest

These routes operated from the Northeast to the Midwest. Routes that ran via the Empire Corridor or Keystone Corridor are also listed in those tables.
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Blue Ridge
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Cumberland May 7, 1973 (1973-05-07) October 30, 1976 (1976-10-30) Curtailed from the Potomac Special. Then merged into the MARC Train on the Brunswick Line.
Washington, D.C. - Martinsburg October 31, 1976 (1976-10-31) 1986 (1986)
Broadway Limited
(train) ‡
New York City - Chicago May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) September 10, 1995 (1995-09-10) Inherited from the Penn Central Broadway Limited. Replaced by the Three Rivers
Capitol Limited
(train) †
Washington, D.C. - Chicago October 1, 1981 (1981-10-01) present  
Cardinal
(train) †
Washington, D.C. - Chicago October 30, 1977 (1977-10-30) April 25, 1981 (1981-04-25) Renamed from the James Whitcomb Riley.
New York City - Chicago April 26, 1981 (1981-04-26) September 30, 1981 (1981-09-30)  
January 8, 1982 (1982-01-08) present  
Empire State Express New York City - Detroit October 31, 1974 (1974-10-31) April 25, 1976 (1976-04-25) Previously an Empire Corridor service. Renamed the Niagara Rainbow.
George Washington
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C./Newport News - Cincinnati May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from Chesapeake and Ohio Railway George Washington. Merged with the James Whitcomb Riley
Washington, D.C./Newport News - Chicago November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) May 19, 1974 (1974-05-19) Eastbound service only. The westbound train named James Whitcomb Riley.
Hilltopper
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Catlettsburg May 31, 1977 (1977-05-31) January 8, 1978 (1978-01-08) Replaced the Mountaineer.
Boston - Catlettsburg January 8, 1978 (1978-01-08) October 1, 1979 (1979-10-01) Combined with the Night Owl
James Whitcomb Riley
(train) ‡
Cincinnati - Chicago May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from the Penn Central James Whitcomb Riley. Merged with the George Washington
Washington, D.C./Newport News - Chicago November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) June 14, 1976 (1976-06-14) Eastbound service retained the George Washington name until May 19, 1974. Newport News section replaced by the Colonial.
Washington, D.C. - Chicago June 14, 1976 (1976-06-14) October 30, 1977 (1977-10-30) Renamed Cardinal.
Lake Shore
(train)
New York City - Chicago May 10, 1971 (1971-05-10) January 6, 1972 (1972-01-06) Unnamed until November 14, 1971.
Lake Shore Limited
(train) †
New York City/Boston - Chicago October 31, 1975 (1975-10-31) present  
Mountaineer
(train)
Norfolk - Chicago March 25, 1975 (1975-03-25) May 31, 1977 (1977-05-31) Replaced by the Hilltopper.
National Limited
(Amtrak train)
New York City/Washington, D.C. - Kansas City November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) October 1, 1979 (1979-10-01) Renamed from Spirit of St. Louis.
Niagara Rainbow
(train)
New York City - Detroit April 25, 1976 (1976-04-25) January 30, 1979 (1979-01-30) Renamed from the Empire State Express. Then taken back into service as an Empire Corridor train post-1979.
Pennsylvanian
(train) †
Pittsburgh - Philadelphia April 27, 1980 October 29, 1983  
Pittsburgh - New York City October 30, 1983 November 6, 1998  
Chicago - New York City November 7, 1998 January 26, 2003  
Pittsburgh - New York City January 27, 2003 October 31, 2004 Merged with Three Rivers
March 8, 2005 present Replaced Three Rivers
Potomac Special
(Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Parkersburg May 14, 1972 (1972-05-14) May 6, 1973 (1973-05-06) Renamed from the Potomac Turbo. Renamed the Blue Ridge.
Potomac Turbo
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Parkersburg February 7, 1972 (1972-02-07) May 14, 1972 (1972-05-14) Renamed from the West Virginian. Renamed the Potomac Special.
Shenandoah
(Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Cincinnati October 31, 1976 (1976-10-31) September 30, 1981 (1981-09-30)  
Skyline Connection
(train)
Philadelphia - Chicago     Never implemented, but was listed in the Spring 2000 national timetable.
Spirit of St. Louis
(train) ‡
New York City/Washington, D.C. - Kansas City May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from Penn_Central/Missouri Pacific Railroad Spirit of St. Louis. Renamed National Limited
Three Rivers
(train)
New York City - Pittsburgh September 11, 1995 (1995-09-11) November 9, 1996 (1996-11-09) Replaced the Broadway Limited.
New York City - Chicago November 10, 1996 (1996-11-10) March 7, 2005 (2005-03-07)  
West Virginian
(Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Parkersburg September 8, 1971 (1971-09-08) February 7, 1972 (1972-02-07) Renamed the Potomac Turbo. An Amtrak route.
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