List of Amtrak Routes

List of Amtrak Routes

List of Current Amtrak Routes

Amtrak service is divided into three categories of routes: Northeast Corridor routes, state-supported routes, and long distance routes. These types indicate how the service is funded. Northeast Corridor service is directly subsidized by federal appropriations. Federally-supported long distance services are subsidized by appropriations under a separate line item from the NEC in federal budgets. Additionally, Amtrak partners with 17 states to provide additional short- and medium-distance services desired by those states. They are subsidized by periodic payments to Amtrak from the state partners.

Three routes – the Carolinian, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter – are state-subsidized only on the sections of their routes off the Northeast Corridor (north of New Haven, and south of Washington).

The Northeast Regional and San Joaquin have branches served by different trips, while the Empire Builder and Lake Shore Limited split into two sections to serve branches. On the Capitol Corridor, Cascades, Empire Service, Keystone Service, Northeast Regional, and Pacific Surfliner, some or all trips do not run the full length of the route.
 
Name Type Route Numbers Daily Round
Trips
FY2021
Passengers
Route
Miles
Acela NEC Boston - New York - Washington 2100-2290 16 (weekday), 4 (Sat), 9 (Sun) 897,600 456
Adirondack State-supported Montreal - New York 68, 69 Suspended 117,490 (2019) 381
Amtrak Cascades State-supported Vancouver - Seattle - Portland - Eugene 500-519 4 181,500 467
Auto Train Long distance Lorton - Sanford 52, 53 1 199,400 855
Berkshire Flyer State-supported New York - Pittsfield 1235, 1244 1 weekly round trip N/A 190
Blue Water State-supported Chicago - Port Huron 364, 365 1 98,700 319
California Zephyr Long distance Chicago - Emeryville, California 5, 6 1 184,700 2,438
Capitol Corridor State-supported Auburn - Sacramento - Oakland - San Jose 520-553, 720-751 9 354,400 172
Capitol Limited Long distance Chicago - Washington 29, 30 1 96,900 764
Cardinal Long distance Chicago - New York 50, 51 3 weekly round trips 69,100 1,147
Carolinian NEC-State-supported New York - Charlotte 79, 80 1 194,700 704
City of New Orleans Long distance Chicago - New Orleans 58, 59 1 100,800 926
Coast Starlight Long distance Seattle - Los Angeles 11, 14 1 189,600 1,377
Crescent Long distance New York City - New Orleans 19, 20 1 114,300 1,377
Downeaster State-supported Brunswick - Portland - Boston 680-699, 1689 5 205,700 145
Empire Builder Long distance Chicago - Spokane - Portland/Seattle 7, 8, 27, 28 1 220,700 2,257 (Chicago-Portland)
2,206 (Chicago-Seattle)
Empire Service State-supported New York - Albany - Niagara Falls 230-288 7 (Sun-Fri), 6 (Sat) 613,200 460
Ethan Allen Express State-supported New York - Burlington 290, 291 1 12,500 308
Hartford Line State-supported Springfield - New Haven 405-432, 450-497 6 (weekday), 4 (Sat), 5 (Sun) 192,600 63
Heartland Flyer State-supported Oklahoma City - Fort Worth 821, 822 1 42,300 206
Hiawatha Service State-supported Chicago - Milwaukee 329-343 7 (Monday-Saturday), 6 (Sunday) 241,600 86
Illini and Saluki State-supported Chicago - Carbondale 390-393 2 150,100 310
Illinois Zephyr
and Carl Sandburg
State-supported Chicago - Quincy 380-383 2 78,200 258
Keystone Service State-supported New York - Philadelphia - Harrisburg 600-674 13 (weekday), 7 (weekend) 394,300 195
Lake Shore Limited Long distance New York/Boston - Albany - Chicago 48, 49, 448, 449 1 195,900 1,018 (Chicago - Boston)
959 (Chicago - New York)
Lincoln Service State-supported Chicago - St. Louis 300-302, 304-307, 318-319 4 261,200 284
Maple Leaf State-supported New York - Toronto 63, 64 1 245,100 544
Missouri River Runner State-supported St. Louis - Kansas City 311, 316, 318-319 2 77,200 283
Northeast Regional NEC-State-supported Boston/Springfield - New York - Washington - Norfolk/Newport News/Roanoke 65-67, 82-88, 93-96, 99, 111, 121-196 18 (weekday), 15 (weekend) 3,960,000 644 (Boston - Newport News)
679 (Boston - Norfolk)
682 (Boston - Roanoke)
Pacific Surfliner State-supported San Luis Obispo - Goleta - Los Angeles - San Diego 562-595, 761-794 10 841,000 350
Palmetto Long distance New York City - Savannah 89, 90 1 147,700 829
Pennsylvanian State-supported New York - Pittsburgh 42, 43 1 128,500 444
Pere Marquette State-supported Chicago - Grand Rapids 370, 371 1 52,400 176
Piedmont State-supported Raleigh - Charlotte 73-78 3 92,200 173
San Joaquins State-supported Oakland/Sacramento - Bakersfield 701-719 6 434,100 318 (Bakersfield-Oakland)
280 (Bakersfield-Sacramento)
Silver Meteor Long distance New York - Miami 97, 98 1 187,000 1,389
Silver Star Long distance New York - Miami 91, 92 1 187,200 1,522
Southwest Chief Long distance Chicago - Los Angeles 3, 4 1 135,900 2,256
Sunset Limited Long distance New Orleans - Los Angeles 1, 2 3 weekly round trips 57,600 1,995
Texas Eagle Long distance Chicago - San Antonio
(through cars to Los Angeles on the Sunset Limited)
21, 22, 421, 422 1 151,400 1,306 (Chicago - San Antonio)
2,728 (Chicago - Los Angeles)
Valley Flyer State-supported Greenfield - Springfield - New Haven 400, 461, 471, 478, 488, 494, 495, 499 2 - 98
Vermonter NEC-State-supported St. Albans - Washington 54, 55, 56, 57 1 18,600 611
Wolverine State-supported Chicago - Pontiac 350-355 3 153,900 304

Current Amtrak Routes - Full listing

This listing included current and discontinued routes operated by Amtrak since May 1, 1971. Some intercity trains were also operated after 1971 by the Alaska Railroad, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Georgia Railroad, Reading Company, and Southern Railway. The Southern Railway and D&RGW routes were taken over by Amtrak in 1979 and 1983 respectively.
 
Name Indicates Amtrak's name for the train, or in some cases the pre-Amtrak name for trains operating prior to November 14, 1971
Route The endpoints and major intermediate stops for the train. Changes to terminal stations within the same city, as well as route changes that did not modify the endpoint cities, are not shown.
Service
Began
The date Amtrak began operating the train
Service
Ended
The date Amtrak ceased operating the train
Notes Additional information concerning name changes and prior operators
Trains conveyed to Amtrak either on May 1, 1971, or afterward
Trains that are currently operating
†‡ Trains conveyed to Amtrak that are currently operating

Current Amtrak Route - Northeast Corridor

As inherited from Penn Central, most names for Northeast Corridor trains – except for the Metroliner and Clocker– were used for only one one-way or round-trip train. These names were frequently changed from the 1970s to the 1990s. These named trains were consolidated under the NortheastDirect brand in 1995, though individual names appeared on timetables from 1996 to 1999.[2] The Acela Regional brand was used for all-electric service beginning in 2000. Northeast Corridor service, except for the Acela Express, was rebranded Regional in 2003 and finally Northeast Regional in 2008.

This listing shows only trains operated primarily on the Northeast Corridor and the New Haven–Springfield Line, plus extensions of those trains into Virginia. Trains serving endpoints outside these areas are listed separately.
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Acela
(train) †
Washington, D.C. - New York City December 11, 2000 present
Acela Regional
(train)
Newport News - Springfield/Boston January 31, 2000 March 16, 2003 Replaced NortheastDirect gradually from January 31, 2000 to September 30, 2001. Replaced by Regional
Afternoon Congressional
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - New York City May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
Bankers
(train)
Springfield - Washington, D.C. October 26, 1975 October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Bay State
(train)
New York City - Boston May 17, 1971 November 14, 1971 The Bay State traveled via the Inland Route in all iterations
Washington, D.C. - Boston November 14, 1971 October 29, 1972
Philadelphia - Boston October 29, 1972 April 29, 1973
New Haven - Boston April 29, 1973 March 1, 1975
Washington, D.C. - Boston October 20, 1984 October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Beacon Hill
(train)
Boston - New Haven April 30, 1978 October 26, 1979 Replaced Clamdigger
February 3, 1980 October 1, 1981
Benjamin Franklin
(train)
Philadelphia - Boston February 15, 1977 Replaced Bicentennial
Betsy Ross
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City February 15, 1976 June 14, 1976 Replaced by the Colonial
October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Bicentennial
(train)
Philadelphia - Boston February 15, 1976 February 14, 1977 Replaced Bunker Hill. Replaced by Benjamin Franklin
Big Apple
(Keystone Service)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 April 26, 1980 Formerly an unnamed Clocker
Harrisburg - New York City April 27, 1980 April 30, 1994 Only weekend trains ran from Harrisburg until October 24, 1981, when weekday service was cut. Merged into Keystone Service.
Bostonian
(train) ‡
New York City - Boston May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
May 19, 1974 April 29, 1978
Bowery
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City
Bunker Hill
(train)
Philadelphia - Boston November 14, 1971 February 15, 1976 Replaced by Bicentennial
Capitol
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City April 26, 1981 October 29, 1983
Capitol Hill
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Capitol Hill Express
Capitol Sunrise
(train)
Philadelphia - Washington, D.C.
Central Park
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 April 26, 1980
Charter Oak
(Colonial Amtrak train)
New York City - Springfield November 14, 1971 October 28, 1972
October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Washington, D.C. - Springfield November 10, 1996 July 9, 1997 Replaced unnamed NortheastDirect train. Renamed Colonial
Richmond - Springfield July 10, 1997 October 26, 1997
Chesapeake Washington, D.C. - New York City April 29, 1973 June 11, 1977
Chesapeake
(train)
Philadelphia - Washington, D.C. April 30, 1978 October 29, 1983 Maryland/Pennsylvania-funded commuter service
Chesapeake
(Colonial Amtrak train)
New York City - Richmond May 1, 1994 October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Clamdigger
(train)‡
New Haven - New London May 1, 1971 January 28, 1972
New Haven - Providence September 9, 1976 October 28, 1977
January 8, 1978 April 30, 1978 Replaced by Beacon Hill
Clocker
(train) ‡
Philadelphia - New York City May 1, 1971 October 27, 1979 Unnamed 1971-1979. Carried individual names 1979-1981
October 25, 1981 October 28, 2005
Colonial
(PRR train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - Boston May 1, 1971 April 28, 1973
Colonial
(Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Boston February 15, 1976 June 15, 1976
Newport News - New York City June 15, 1976 February 15, 1977 Replaced Betsy Ross and Mount Vernon. Saturday southbound service originated in Boston.
Newport News - Boston February 15, 1977 October 26, 1992 Replaced by Old Dominion
Richmond - Springfield October 26, 1997 May 15, 1999 Replaced Charter Oak. Merged into NortheastDirect
Concord
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Boston
Congressional
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City November 14, 1971 December 16, 1971
April 30, 1978
Boston - Washington, D.C. October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Connecticut Valley Service ‡
Hartford Line

(Amtrak train)
Springfield - New Haven May 1, 1971 1986 Name did not appear in timetables until 1980. Renamed as sections of their connecting trains in 1986.
Connecticut Yankee
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Springfield November 14, 1971 October 29, 1972
Washington, D.C. - New Haven October 29, 1972 April 29, 1973
Philadelphia - Springfield April 29, 1973 June 11, 1977
Washington, D.C. - Springfield October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
East Wind
(train)
New York City - Boston November 14, 1971 October 28, 1973
Washington, D.C. - Boston October 28, 1973 February 14, 1976
Edison
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Formerly unnamed. Renamed Clocker
Embassy
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - New York City May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
October 31, 1976 April 25, 1981
Evening Executive
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New Haven November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972
Evening Liberty Express Philadelphia - Boston April 30, 1978 October 27, 1979
Evening Metropolitan
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City
Philadelphia - New York City
Executive Sleeper
(Night Owl train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City April 27, 1986 August 19, 1994 Washington-New York section of the Night Owl. Renamed from Washington Executive
Fairfield
(train)
Fast Mail
(Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Boston/Springfield October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Federal
(Twilight Shoreliner)
Washington, D.C. - Boston April 28, 2003 April 26, 2004 Replaced the Twilight Shoreliner. Merged into Regional
First State
(train)
Flying Yankee
(train)
New York City - Boston May 19, 1974 April 29, 1978 Replaced Shoreliner
Foggy Bottom
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City
Free State
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City November 14, 1971 October 28, 1973
Garden State
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Formerly unnamed. Renamed Clocker
Garden State Special
(train)
Georgetown
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City
Gotham
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Gotham Express Boston/Springfield - New York City October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Gotham Limited
(Colonial Amtrak train)
Newport News - New York City July 10, 1997 May 16, 1999 Renamed from Potomac. Merged into NortheastDirect
Herald Square
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Washington, D.C. - New York City October 25, 1981 Replaced Times Square
Independence
(train)
New York City - Washington, D.C. October 25, 1981
Washington, D.C. - Springfield October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
James River
(Colonial Amtrak train)
Newport News - Washington, D.C. October 30, 1994 October 28, 1995 Renamed from one Tidewater round trip. Merged into NortheastDirect
November 10, 1996 May 16, 1999 Replaced unnamed NortheastDirect train. Merged back into NortheastDirect
Jeffersonian
(train)
New York City - Washington, D.C. October 25, 1981
John Adams
(train)
Philadelphia - Boston June 12, 1977 April 29, 1978
Keystone
(Pennsylvanian train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 April 26, 1980 Formerly an unnamed Clocker
Harrisburg - New York City April 27, 1980 October 24, 1981 Only weekend trains ran from Harrisburg. Renamed Susquehanna
Knickerbocker
(train)
New York City - Boston May 19, 1974 June 11, 1977
Legislator
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - New York City May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
Liberty Bell
(train)
Washington - New York City October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Liberty Express Philadelphia - Boston October 28, 1979
Mail Express
Manhattan
(train) ‡
New York City - Boston May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973 October 28, 1973 Replaced Manhattan Turbo
Manhattan Express
(Colonial Amtrak train)
Richmond - New York City September 10, 1995 October 28, 1995 Replaced Old Dominion. Merged into NortheastDirect
Manhattan Limited
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Washington, D.C. - New York City October 25, 1981
Manhattan Turbo
(train)
New York City - Boston October 29, 1972 August 15, 1973 Replaced by Manhattan
Mayflower
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Boston May 19, 1974 September 12, 1975
October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Merchants
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Boston November 20, 1977 April 30, 1978 Renamed from and to Merchants Limited
Merchants Limited
(train) ‡
New York City - Boston May 1, 1971 November 14, 1971
Washington, D.C. - Boston November 14, 1971 October 28, 1995 Named Merchants (November 20, 1977 - April 30, 1978). Merged into NortheastDirect
Metroliner
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - New York City May 1, 1971 October 27, 2006
Washington, D.C. - New Haven November 14, 1971 October 30, 1977
November 20, 1977 February 22, 1978
October 26, 1981
Downingtown - Washington, D.C. October 29, 1989 October 25, 1991 One southbound trip only
Washington, D.C. - Boston May 2, 2005 October 31, 2005 Temporary replacement for Acela Express service, which was removed due to mechanical defects in the trainsets
Morning Executive
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New Haven November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972
Metropolitan
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City April 26, 1981
Midday Congressional
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - New York City May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
Minute Man
(train)
Philadelphia - Boston June 12, 1972 April 29, 1973
Washington, D.C. - Boston April 29, 1973 October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Morning Liberty Express Philadelphia - Boston April 30, 1978 October 27, 1979
Mount Vernon
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - New York City May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
February 15, 1976 June 14, 1976 Replaced by the Colonial
April 27, 1980
Murray Hill
(train) ‡
New York City - Boston May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
Washington, D.C. - New York City October 28, 1973 October 28, 1978
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Narragansett
(train)
New York City - Boston November 14, 1971 October 27, 1973
Philadelphia - Boston February 15, 1976 June 11, 1976
New England Express
(Colonial Amtrak train)
Richmond - Boston April 2, 1995 October 28, 1995 Replaced Old Dominion and Virginian. Merged into NortheastDirect
New England Metroliner
(train)
New York City - Boston October 31, 1982 April 28, 1984
New England Zip
(train)
New Englander
(train)
Philadelphia - Boston May 19, 1974 October 25, 1975
Hartford Line
(Amtrak train) †
New Haven - Springfield October 28, 1995 present Renamed from sections of connecting trains. Usually branded under NortheastDirect until September 30, 2001 timetable.
New Jerseyan (train)
New York Executive
(train)
New Yorker
(train) ‡
New York City - Boston May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
Washington, D.C. - New York City April 29, 1973 October 31, 1976
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Washington, D.C. - New York City October 25, 1981
Nightcap
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972
October 28, 1973 February 14, 1976
Night Owl
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Boston June 12, 1972 July 10, 1997 Replaced by Twilight Shoreliner
NortheastDirect
(Northeast Regional)
Newport News - Springfield/Boston October 28, 1995 September 29, 2001 Replaced numerous trains. Replaced by Acela Regional from 2000 to 2001.
Northeast Regional
(train) †
Newport News - Springfield/Boston June 23, 2008 September 30, 2009 Renamed from Regional
Lynchburg/Newport News - Springfield/Boston October 1, 2009 December 11, 2012
Lynchburg/Newport News/Norfolk - Springfield/Boston December 12, 2012 October 30, 2017
Newport News/Norfolk/Roanoke - Springfield/Boston October 31, 2017 present
Nutmeg State
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Springfield October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Old Dominion
(Colonial Amtrak train)
Newport News - New York City October 25, 1992 April 2, 1995 Replaced Colonial. Replaced by New England Express
Richmond - New York City April 2, 1995 September 2, 1995 Replaced by Manhattan Express
Richmond - Springfield September 2, 1995 October 28, 1995 Replaced a New England Express frequency. Merged into NortheastDirect
Newport News - Boston November 10, 1996 May 16, 1999 Replaced an unnamed NortheastDirect train. Merged back into NortheastDirect
Patriot
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - Boston May 1, 1971 October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Philadelphian
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Previously unnamed. Renamed Clocker
Pilgrim
(train)
Philadelphia - Boston October 28, 1973 February 15, 1976
New York City - Boston February 15, 1976 April 29, 1978
Potomac
(Colonial Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Boston October 25, 1981 April 27, 1985
Newport News - New York City April 28, 1985 September 17, 1988
Washington, D.C. - Springfield September 18, 1988
President
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - New York City May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
Quaker
(train)
Philadelphia - Boston October 28, 1973 May 18, 1974
Quaker City
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Regional
(Northeast Regional)
Newport News - Springfield/Boston March 17, 2003 June 22, 2008 Renamed from Acela Regional. Renamed Northeast Regional
Representative
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - New York City May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
Rittenhouse
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Schuylkill
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 April 26, 1980
Senator
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C. - Boston May 1, 1971 October 24, 1981 From May 1, 1977 to July 30, 1978, Sunday service ran from Newport News to replace the Colonial
October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Shoreliner
(train)
New York City - Boston January 6, 1974 May 19, 1974 Replaced by Flying Yankee
October 28, 1979
Statesman
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Boston October 28, 1973 February 14, 1977
Sundown
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Boston October 28, 1973 February 14, 1976
New York City - Boston February 15, 1976 April 26, 1978
Tidewater
(Colonial Amtrak train)
Newport News - New York City July 30, 1978 October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Richmond - New York City November 10, 1996 May 10, 1999 Replaced unnamed NortheastDirect train. A southbound trip ran to Newport News until 1997. Merged back into NortheastDirect.
Tidewater Express
(Colonial Amtrak train)
Boston - Newport News September 10, 1995 October 28, 1995 Replaced northbound New England Express. Merged into NortheastDirect
Times Square
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City April 26, 1981 October 24, 1981 Replaced by Herald Square
Turbo
(train)
Providence - Boston October 29, 1972 April 28, 1973
Turboservice
(train) ‡
New York City - Boston May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
Turbo Yankee Clipper
(train)
New York City - Boston November 14, 1971 October 29, 1972 Renamed Yankee Clipper Turbo
Turbo York Clipper
(train)
New York City - Boston November 14, 1971 January 16, 1972 Renamed Turbo Yankee Clipper
Twilight Shoreliner
(train)
Newport News - Boston July 10, 1997 April 28, 2003 Replaced the Night Owl. Replaced by the Federal
Valley Forge
(Keystone Service - Through Service)
Philadelphia - Boston November 14, 1971 June 12, 1972
Washington, D.C. - Boston June 12, 1972 April 29, 1973
Philadelphia - New Haven April 29, 1973 October 29, 1973
Harrisburg - New York City October 29, 1973 March 30, 1990 Renamed Keystone State Express
Boston - Harrisburg May 19, 1974 October 25, 1975 Additional weekend-only service
Valley Flyer
(Amtrak train) †
New Haven - Greenfield August 30, 2019 present
Verrazano
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City October 25, 1981 October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Virginian
(Colonial Amtrak train)
Richmond - New York City October 28, 1984 April 2, 1995 Renamed as Chesapeake southbound and New England Express northbound
November 10, 1996 May 16, 1999 Replaced unnamed NortheastDirect train. Merged back into NortheastDirect. Friday southbound trip ran to Newport News.
Wall Street
(train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City
Washington Executive
(Night Owl train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City October 28, 1984 April 26, 1986 Washington-New York section of the Night Owl. Renamed Executive Sleeper
Washington Express Washington, D.C. - New York City October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Weekend Metroliner
(Metroliner train)
Washington, D.C. - New York City
William Penn
(train)
Philadelphia - New York City October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Yankee Clipper
(train) ‡
New York City - Boston May 1, 1971 November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973 February 15, 1976
New York City - Providence February 15, 1976 September 9, 1976
Washington, D.C. - Boston October 28, 1979 October 28, 1995 Merged into NortheastDirect
Yankee Clipper Turbo
(train)
New York City - Boston October 29, 1972 August 14, 1973 Renamed from Turbo Yankee Clipper

Current Amtrak Route - Empire Corridor

Trains operating over the Empire Corridor (the former New York Central Railroad Water Level Route) are now collectively known as the Empire Service. The name was used by the New York Central beginning in 1967, but dropped by Amtrak in 1971. Amtrak restored the Empire Service brand with the June 11, 1972 timetable, and added individual train names on the May 19, 1974 timetable. As was done on the Northeast Corridor with NortheastDirect, individual train names for New York-Albany and New York-Niagara Falls service were dropped on October 28, 1995 and replaced with Empire. The individual names were re-added in November 1996, but dropped in favor of Empire Service in May 1999.
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Adirondack
(train) †
New York City - Montreal August 6, 1974 (1974-08-06) April 1, 1995 Joint operation with Empire State Express/DeWitt Clinton until April 1975
Washington, D.C. - Montreal April 2, 1995 April 13, 1996
New York City - Montreal April 14, 1996 present
Bear Mountain
(train)
New York City - Albany February 15, 1977 April 29, 1978
August 3, 1980 October 25, 1980
April 26, 1981 Renamed from Henry Hudson
Capital City Express
Catskill
(train)
New York City - Albany October 27, 1991 October 30, 1993
New York City - Schenectady October 31, 1993 May 4, 1994
New York City - Syracuse May 5, 1994 October 29, 1994
New York City - Albany October 30, 1994 April 1, 1995
New York City - Niagara Falls April 2, 1995 October 27, 1995 Merged into Empire Service
Cayuga
(train)
New York City - Schenectady October 28, 1984 April 4, 1987
Central Park
(train)
New York City - Albany April 2, 1995 October 27, 1995 Merged into Empire Service
DeWitt Clinton
(train)
New York City - Albany May 19, 1974 April 25, 1981 Previously unnamed. Replaced by Rip Van Winkle
Electric City Express New York City - Schenectady April 26, 1981 Replaced Salt City Express
Empire Service
(train) †‡
New York City - Buffalo May 1, 1971 May 18, 1974 Inherited from Penn Central Empire Service, unnamed until June 11, 1972. Individual names applied on May 19, 1974.
New York City - Niagara Falls October 28, 1995 present Merged from various individual train names. Individual names restored under the Empire Service brand from November 1996 to May 1999.
Empire State Express New York City - Buffalo May 19, 1974 October 30, 1974 Previously unnamed
New York City - Detroit October 31, 1974 April 24, 1976 Renamed Niagara Rainbow
New York City - Buffalo January 8, 1978 October 28, 1978 Renamed from Water Level Express
New York City - Niagara Falls October 29, 1978
Ethan Allen Express New York City - Rutland December 2, 1996
1996-12-02
)
July 28, 2022
New York City - Burlington July 29, 2022 present
Half Moon
(train)
New York City - Albany May 1, 1994 October 27, 1995
Hendrick Hudson
(train)
New York City - Albany
Henry Hudson
(train)
New York City - Albany May 19, 1974 April 25, 1981 Previously unnamed, now renamed the Bear Mountain
Hudson Highlander
(train)
New York City - Albany April 26, 1981 October 27, 1995 Replaced Washington Irving. Merged into Empire Service
Hudson River Express New York City - Albany
Hudson Valley Express New York City - Schenectady
Hudson Valley Service
(train)
New York City - Albany
Knickerbocker
(train)
New York City - Albany April 7, 1991 April 1, 1995
Lake Shore
(train)
New York City - Chicago May 10, 1971 (1971-05-10) January 6, 1972 (1972-01-06) This train was unnamed until November 14, 1971.
Lake Shore Limited
(train) †
New York City/Boston - Chicago October 31, 1975 (1975-10-31) present
Maple Leaf
(train) †
New York City - Toronto April 26, 1981 present
Mohawk
(train)
New York City - Niagara Falls April 26, 1981 April 28, 1984
New York City - Syracuse April 29, 1984 October 27, 1984
New York City - Niagara Falls October 28, 1984
Niagara Rainbow
(train)
New York City - Detroit April 25, 1976 January 30, 1979 Renamed from Empire State Express
New York City - Niagara Falls January 31, 1979
New York City - Toronto June 1994 September 10, 1995 Once-weekly additional frequency of the Maple Leaf
Nieuw Amsterdam
(train)
New York City - Albany
Oneida
(train)
New York City - Syracuse
Palisades
(train)
New York City - Albany
Patroon
(train)
New York City - Albany
Rip Van Winkle
(train)
New York City - Albany April 26, 1981
Salt City Express New York City - Syracuse May 19, 1974 April 25, 1981 Previously unnamed. Replaced by Electric City Express
Saratogian
(train)
New York City - Saratoga Springs
Sleepy Hollow
(train)
New York City - Albany
Spa Express
(train)
New York City - Saratoga Springs
Spuyten Duyvil
(train)
New York City - Albany
Storm King
(train)
New York City - Albany April 26, 1981
New York City - Schenectady
Washington Irving
(train)
New York City - Albany November 15, 1974 January 31, 1981
New York City - Schenectady February 1, 1981 April 25, 1981 Replaced by Hudson Highlander
Water Level Express New York City - Buffalo May 19, 1974 January 7, 1978 Previously unnamed. Renamed Empire State Express
New York City - Niagara Falls
Washington Irving
(positioning train)
Albany - Schenectady February 1, 1981 April 25, 1981 Equipment positioning moves for the Washington Irving

Current Amtrak Route - Keystone Corridor

Trains providing local intercity service on the Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line (the former Pennsylvania Railroad main line) to Harrisburg are now collectively known as the Keystone Service, a name originally introduced in 1981. From 1990 to 2006, individual trains were listed in timetables as Keystone, a name also applied to two different trains in 1971–72 and 1979–81. This table includes only trains that did not operate west of Harrisburg.
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Atlantic City Express
(Amtrak train)
Atlantic City - Harrisburg April 7, 1991 April 1, 1995 One of three branches of the service
Big Apple
(Through Service - Keystone Service)
New York City - Harrisburg April 27, 1980 April 30, 1994 Weekend-only extension of a Clocker. Merged into Keystone Service
Keystone
(Pennsylvanian train)
New York City - Harrisburg April 27, 1980 October 24, 1981 Weekend-only extension of a Clocker. Renamed Susquehanna
Keystone Executive
Declining Service - Keystone Service)
Philadelphia - Harrisburg April 24, 1983 1986 Replaced a Keystone Service train. Discontinued during cuts to corridor service
Keystone Service
(train) †
Philadelphia - Harrisburg October 25, 1981 October 29, 1994 Renamed from Silverliner Service. Some trains extended to New York beginning in 1994
New York City - Harrisburg October 30, 1994 present  
Keystone State Express
(Through Service - Keystone Service)
New York City - Harrisburg April 1, 1990 Mid-1990s Replaced Valley Forge. Merged into Keystone Service
Metroliner
(train)
Downingtown - Washington, D.C. April 1, 1990 October 26, 1991 A single one-way trip, #201, was the only Metroliner service ever operated off the Northeast Corridor
Silverliner Service
(train) ‡
Philadelphia (Suburban) - Harrisburg October 29, 1972 October 24, 1981 Replaced Penn Central 600-series trains. Renamed Keystone Service
Susquehanna
(Through Service - Keystone Service)
New York City - Harrisburg October 25, 1981 October 29, 1994 Replaced Keystone. Merged into Keystone Service
Valley Forge
(Through Service - Keystone Service)
New York City - Harrisburg October 28, 1973 March 30, 1990 Renamed Keystone State Express
Boston - Harrisburg May 19, 1974 October 25, 1975 Additional weekend-only service

This listing includes trains operating over the full length of the Keystone Corridor to Pittsburgh. Some trains have offered connections at 30th Street Station while others only stopped at North Philadelphia. Most have not offered local service east of Harrisburg. Since 2005, the Pennsylvanian is the only train to operate between Harrisburg and Pittsburgh.
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Broadway Limited
(train) ‡
Chicago - New York City May 1, 1971 September 9, 1995 Inherited from Penn Central Broadway Limited. Replaced by the Three Rivers
Duquesne (train)
(Pennsylvanian train) ‡
Pittsburgh - New York City May 1, 1971 November 14, 1971 Inherited from Penn Central Duquesne. Renamed Keystone
Fort Pitt
(train)
Pittsburgh - Altoona April 26, 1981 January 30, 1983  
Keystone
(Pennsylvanian train)
Pittsburgh - New York City November 14, 1971 April 29, 1972 Renamed from Duquesne
National Limited
(Amtrak train)
Kansas City - New York City July 12, 1971 October 1, 1979 Renamed from Spirit of St. Louis
Pennsylvanian
(train) †
Pittsburgh - Philadelphia April 27, 1980 October 29, 1983  
Pittsburgh - New York City October 30, 1983 November 6, 1998  
Chicago - New York City November 7, 1998 January 26, 2003  
Pittsburgh - New York City January 27, 2003 October 31, 2004 Merged with Three Rivers
March 8, 2005 present Replaced Three Rivers
Spirit of St. Louis
(train) ‡
Kansas City - New York City May 1, 1971 July 11, 1971 Inherited from the Penn Central//Missouri Pacific Railroad Spirit of St. Louis. Renamed National Limited
Three Rivers
(train)
Chicago - New York City September 10, 1995 March 7, 2005 Replaced the Broadway Limited. Replaced by Pennsylvanian

Current Amtrak Route - Northeast

These routes operated in the Northeastern United States. Empire Corridor, Keystone Corridor, and Northeast Corridor routes are not included in this table.
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Atlantic City Express
(Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Atlantic City May 21, 1989 (1989-05-21) April 1, 1995 (1995-04-01) Replaced by the NJ Transit Atlantic City Line
New York City - Atlantic City
Cape Codder
(train)
New York City - Hyannis May 3, 1986 (1986-05-03) September 29, 1996 (1996-09-29) Seasonal service
Downeaster
(train) †
Boston - Portland December 15, 2001 (2001-12-15) November 1, 2012 (2012-11-01)  
Boston - Brunswick November 1, 2012 (2012-11-01) present  
Montrealer
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Montreal September 29, 1972 April 6, 1987  
July 18, 1989 April 1, 1995 Replaced by the Vermonter
Vermonter
(train) †
Washington, D.C. - St. Albans April 2, 1995 present Replaced the Montrealer
Washingtonian
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Montreal September 29, 1972 May 19, 1974 Name given to southbound Montrealer

Current Amtrak Route - South
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Auto Train Lorton - Sanford October 30, 1983 (1983-10-30) present  
Carolina Coast
(train)
New York City - Savannah June 11, 1972 (1972-06-11) September 10, 1972 (1972-09-10)  
Carolina Special
(train)
New York City - Jacksonville June 15, 1973 (1973-06-15) September 3, 1973 (1973-09-03)  
Carolinian
(train) †
New York City - Charlotte October 28, 1984 (1984-10-28) September 1, 1985 (1985-09-01) Section of Palmetto, split in Richmond
May 12, 1990 (1990-05-12) present Section of Palmetto splitting in Rocky Mount until 1991
Champion
(train) ‡
New York City - St. Petersburg May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) October 1, 1979 (1979-10-01) Inherited from the Penn Central/RF&P/Seaboard Coast Line Railroad Champion. Consolidated with the Silver Meteor
Crescent
(train) †‡
New York City - New Orleans February 1, 1979 (1979-02-01) present Conveyed from the Southern Railway's (US) Southern Crescent.
Florida Special
(train) ‡
New York City - Miami December 17, 1971 (1971-12-17) April 14, 1972 (1972-04-14) Replaced by the Vacationer for the 1972-1973 season.
Floridian
(train)
Chicago - Miami/St. Petersburg November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) October 7, 1979 (1979-10-07) Replaced the South Wind
Gulf Breeze
(train)
New York City - Mobile October 27, 1989 (1989-10-27) April 1, 1995 (1995-04-01) Through operation with the Crescent.
Gulf Coast Limited
(train)
New Orleans - Mobile April 29, 1984 (1984-04-29) January 6, 1985 (1985-01-06)  
June 28, 1996 (1996-06-28) March 31, 1997 (1997-03-31)  
Meteor (train)
(Amtrak Champion train)
Boston - Miami/St. Petersburg June 11, 1972 (1972-06-11) September 10, 1972 (1972-09-10) Champion.
Miamian (train)
(Vacationer train)
New York City - Miami December 15, 1974 (1974-12-15) January 10, 1975 (1975-01-10) Replaced the Vacationer.
Palmetto
(train) †
New York City - Savannah June 15, 1976 (1976-06-15) December 1988 (1988-12)  
New York City - Jacksonville December 1988 (1988-12) October 1994 (1994-10)  
New York City - Tampa October 1994 (1994-10) February 1, 1995 (1995-02-01) Replaced the Silver Meteor's Tampa Section
New York City - Miami May 1, 2002 (2002-05-01) November 1, 2004 (2004-11-01) Renamed from the Silver Palm (train)
New York City - Savannah November 1, 2004 (2004-11-01) present  
Piedmont
(train) †
Raleigh - Charlotte May 25, 1995 (1995-05-25) present  
Silver Meteor
(train) †‡
New York City - Miami May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) June 11, 1972 (1972-06-11) Inherited from the Penn Central / RF&P / Seaboard Coast Line Railroad Silver Meteor. Renamed Meteor.
September 10, 1972 (1972-09-10) present Renamed from the Meteor.
Silver Palm
(train)
Miami - Tampa November 21, 1982 (1982-11-21) April 30, 1985 (1985-04-30)  
Silver Palm
(Palmetto train)
New York City - Miami November 10, 1996 (1996-11-10) May 1, 2002 (2002-05-01) Renamed the Palmetto
Silver Star
(Amtrak train) †‡
New York City - Miami May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) present Inherited from the Penn Central/RF&P/Seaboard Coast Line Railroad Silver Star.
South Wind
(train)
Chicago - Miami/St. Petersburg May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from the Penn Central/Louisville and Nashville Railroad/Seaboard Coast Line Railroad South Wind. Replaced by the Floridian
Vacationer
(train)
New York City - Miami December 15, 1972 (1972-12-15) April 27, 1974 (1974-04-27) Seasonal train operation. Replaced the Florida Special. Replaced by the Miamian for the 1974 - 1975 season.

Current Amtrak Route - Northeast-Midwest

These routes operated from the Northeast to the Midwest. Routes that ran via the Empire Corridor or Keystone Corridor are also listed in those tables..
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Blue Ridge
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Cumberland May 7, 1973 (1973-05-07) October 30, 1976 (1976-10-30) Curtailed from the Potomac Special. Then merged into the MARC Train on the Brunswick Line.
Washington, D.C. - Martinsburg October 31, 1976 (1976-10-31) 1986 (1986)
Broadway Limited
(train) ‡
New York City - Chicago May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) September 10, 1995 (1995-09-10) Inherited from the Penn Central Broadway Limited. Replaced by the Three Rivers
Capitol Limited
(train) †
Washington, D.C. - Chicago October 1, 1981 (1981-10-01) present  
Cardinal
(train) †
Washington, D.C. - Chicago October 30, 1977 (1977-10-30) April 25, 1981 (1981-04-25) Renamed from the James Whitcomb Riley.
New York City - Chicago April 26, 1981 (1981-04-26) September 30, 1981 (1981-09-30)  
January 8, 1982 (1982-01-08) present  
Empire State Express New York City - Detroit October 31, 1974 (1974-10-31) April 25, 1976 (1976-04-25) Previously an Empire Corridor service. Renamed the Niagara Rainbow.
George Washington
(train) ‡
Washington, D.C./Newport News - Cincinnati May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from Chesapeake and Ohio Railway George Washington. Merged with the James Whitcomb Riley
Washington, D.C./Newport News - Chicago November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) May 19, 1974 (1974-05-19) Eastbound service only. The westbound train named James Whitcomb Riley.
Hilltopper
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Catlettsburg May 31, 1977 (1977-05-31) January 8, 1978 (1978-01-08) Replaced the Mountaineer.
Boston - Catlettsburg January 8, 1978 (1978-01-08) October 1, 1979 (1979-10-01) Combined with the Night Owl
James Whitcomb Riley
(train) ‡
Cincinnati - Chicago May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from the Penn Central James Whitcomb Riley. Merged with the George Washington
Washington, D.C./Newport News - Chicago November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) June 14, 1976 (1976-06-14) Eastbound service retained the George Washington name until May 19, 1974. Newport News section replaced by the Colonial.
Washington, D.C. - Chicago June 14, 1976 (1976-06-14) October 30, 1977 (1977-10-30) Renamed Cardinal.
Lake Shore
(train)
New York City - Chicago May 10, 1971 (1971-05-10) January 6, 1972 (1972-01-06) Unnamed until November 14, 1971.
Lake Shore Limited
(train) †
New York City/Boston - Chicago October 31, 1975 (1975-10-31) present  
Mountaineer
(train)
Norfolk - Chicago March 25, 1975 (1975-03-25) May 31, 1977 (1977-05-31) Replaced by the Hilltopper.
National Limited
(Amtrak train)
New York City/Washington, D.C. - Kansas City November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) October 1, 1979 (1979-10-01) Renamed from Spirit of St. Louis.
Niagara Rainbow
(train)
New York City - Detroit April 25, 1976 (1976-04-25) January 30, 1979 (1979-01-30) Renamed from the Empire State Express. Then taken back into service as an Empire Corridor train post-1979.
Pennsylvanian
(train) †
Pittsburgh - Philadelphia April 27, 1980 October 29, 1983  
Pittsburgh - New York City October 30, 1983 November 6, 1998  
Chicago - New York City November 7, 1998 January 26, 2003  
Pittsburgh - New York City January 27, 2003 October 31, 2004 Merged with Three Rivers
March 8, 2005 present Replaced Three Rivers
Potomac Special
(Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Parkersburg May 14, 1972 (1972-05-14) May 6, 1973 (1973-05-06) Renamed from the Potomac Turbo. Renamed the Blue Ridge.
Potomac Turbo
(train)
Washington, D.C. - Parkersburg February 7, 1972 (1972-02-07) May 14, 1972 (1972-05-14) Renamed from the West Virginian. Renamed the Potomac Special.
Shenandoah
(Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Cincinnati October 31, 1976 (1976-10-31) September 30, 1981 (1981-09-30)  
Skyline Connection
(train)
Philadelphia - Chicago     Never implemented, but was listed in the Spring 2000 national timetable.
Spirit of St. Louis
(train) ‡
New York City/Washington, D.C. - Kansas City May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from Penn_Central/Missouri Pacific Railroad Spirit of St. Louis. Renamed National Limited
Three Rivers
(train)
New York City - Pittsburgh September 11, 1995 (1995-09-11) November 9, 1996 (1996-11-09) Replaced the Broadway Limited.
New York City - Chicago November 10, 1996 (1996-11-10) March 7, 2005 (2005-03-07)  
West Virginian
(Amtrak train)
Washington, D.C. - Parkersburg September 8, 1971 (1971-09-08) February 7, 1972 (1972-02-07) Renamed the Potomac Turbo. An Amtrak route.

Current Amtrak Route - Midwest
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Abraham Lincoln
(train) ‡
Chicago - St. Louis May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from GM&O Abraham Lincoln.
Milwaukee - St. Louis November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) September 30, 1973 (1973-09-30) Replaced by Turboliner.
Chicago - St. Louis October 26, 1975 (1975-10-26) January 8, 1978 (1978-01-08) Replaced one Turboliner round trip. Replaced by the Ann Rutledge.
Ann Rutledge
(train)
Chicago - St. Louis February 15, 1976 (1976-02-15) October 30, 1976 (1976-10-30) Replaced Turboliner. Replaced by an extension of the Inter-American.
Chicago - Kansas City January 8, 1978 (1978-01-08) October 29, 2006 (2006-10-29) Replaced Abraham Lincoln.
St. Louis-Chicago portion replaced by Lincoln Service
St. Louis - Kansas City October 30, 2006 (2006-10-30) January 28, 2009 (2009-01-28) Renamed Missouri River Runner.
Arrowhead
(train)
Minneapolis - Superior, Wisconsin April 16, 1975 (1975-04-16) February 15, 1977 (1977-02-15)  
Minneapolis - Duluth February 15, 1977 (1977-02-15) April 30, 1978 (1978-04-30) Replaced by the North Star
Badger
(Hiawatha Service)
Chicago - Milwaukee October 28, 1984 (1984-10-28) October 29, 1989 (1989-10-29) Renamed Hiawatha Service.
Black Hawk
(Amtrak train)
Chicago - Dubuque February 14, 1974 (1974-02-14) September 30, 1981 (1981-09-30)  
Blue Water
(train) †
Chicago - Port Huron September 15, 1974 (1974-09-15) October 26, 1975 (1975-10-26) Renamed Blue Water Limited.
April 25, 2004 (2004-04-25) present Replaced the International Limited.
Blue Water Limited
(train)
Chicago - Port Huron October 26, 1975 (1975-10-26) June 15, 1976 (1976-06-15) Replaced the Blue Water (train).
Blue Water
replaced by Turboliner.
October 31, 1976 (1976-10-31) October 31, 1982 (1982-10-31) Replaced Turboliner.
Replaced by the International Limited.
Calumet
(train) ‡
Chicago - Valparaiso October 29, 1979 (1979-10-29) May 3, 1991 (1991-05-03) Inherited from Conrail commuter service. Unnamed until August 3, 1980.
Campus
(train)
Chicago - Champaign November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) March 5, 1972 (1972-03-05)  
Illinois Zephyr and Carl Sandburg
(train) †
Chicago - Quincy October 30, 2006 (2006-10-30) present  
City of New Orleans
(train) †‡
Chicago - New Orleans May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from the Illinois Central Railroad City of New Orleans.
Replaced by the Panama Limited
February 1, 1981 (1981-02-01) present Renamed from the Panama Limited.
Texas Eagle
(train)
Chicago - San Antonio October 2, 1981 (1981-10-02) November 14, 1988 (1988-11-14) Replaced the Inter-American. Renamed Texas Eagle.
Chicago - St. Louis November 15, 1988 (1988-11-15) January 20, 1990 (1990-01-20)  
Encore
(Hiawatha Service)
Chicago - Milwaukee October 28, 1984 (1984-10-28) April 28, 1985 (1985-04-28)  
Heartland Flyer
(train) †
Oklahoma City - Fort Worth June 15, 1999 (1999-06-15) present  
Hiawatha
(Amtrak train)
Chicago - Minneapolis November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) January 16, 1972 (1972-01-16) Renamed Twin Cities Hiawatha.
October 29, 1972 (1972-10-29) May 19, 1974 (1974-05-19) Replaced by the North Coast Hiawatha.
Hiawatha Service
(train) †‡
Chicago - Milwaukee May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) June 15, 1976 (1976-06-15) Inherited from Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad Milwaukee Express. Unnamed until October 29, 1972.
Replaced by Turboliner.
October 29, 1989 (1989-10-29) present Renamed from the Badger, LaSalle, Nicollet and Radisson.
Hoosier State
(train)
Chicago - Indianapolis October 1, 1980 (1980-10-01) September 8, 1995 (1995-09-08)  
July 19, 1998 (1998-07-19) December 17, 1999 (1999-12-17) Replaced by the Kentucky Cardinal
July 6, 2003 (2003-07-06) June 30, 2019 (2019-06-30) Replaced the Kentucky Cardinal.
Illini
(Illini and Saluki train) †
Chicago - Champaign November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) March 3, 1972 (1972-03-03)  
December 19, 1973 (1973-12-19) July 1, 1981 (1981-07-01)
Chicago - Decatur July 2, 1981 (1981-07-02) July 9, 1983 (1983-07-09)
Chicago - Champaign July 10, 1983 (1983-07-10) January 11, 1986 (1986-01-11)
Chicago - Carbondale January 12, 1986 (1986-01-12) present Replaced the Shawnee.
Illinois Zephyr
(Illinois Zephyr and Carl Sandburg train)
Chicago - West Quincy November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) April 30, 1994 (1994-04-30)
Chicago - Quincy May 1, 1994 (1994-05-01) present
Indiana Connection
(train) ‡
Chicago - Valparaiso October 29, 1979 (1979-10-29) January 10, 1986 (1986-01-10) Inherited from Conrail commuter service. Unnamed until August 3, 1980.
Inter-American
(train)
Chicago - Laredo January 28, 1973 (1973-01-28) October 2, 1981 (1981-10-02) Renamed Eagle
International
(Amtrak train)
Chicago - Toronto June 13, 1983 (1983-06-13) April 25, 2004 (2004-04-25) Renamed from International Limited.
Replaced by the Blue Water
International Limited
(Amtrak train)
Chicago - Toronto October 31, 1982 (1982-10-31) June 13, 1983 (1983-06-13) Replaced the Blue Water Limited.
Renamed International
Kansas City Mule
(train)
St. Louis - Kansas City October 26, 1980 (1980-10-26) April 1, 1995 (1995-04-01)  
July 1, 1995 (1995-07-01) January 27, 2009 (2009-01-27) Replaced by Missouri River Runner
Kentucky Cardinal
(train)
Chicago - Louisville December 17, 1999 (1999-12-17) July 5, 2003 (2003-07-05) Replaced by the Hoosier State.
Lake Cities
(Amtrak train)
Chicago - Toledo August 3, 1980 (1980-08-03) April 1, 1995 (1995-04-01) Renamed from St. Clair
Chicago - Pontiac April 2, 1995 (1995-04-02) April 28, 2001 (2001-04-28)  
Chicago - Detroit April 29, 2001 (2001-04-29) April 28, 2002 (2002-04-28)  
Chicago - Pontiac April 29, 2002 (2002-04-29) April 25, 2004 (2004-04-25) Renamed Wolverine
Lake Country Limited
(train)
Chicago - Janesville June 15, 2000 (2000-06-15) September 22, 2001 (2001-09-22)  
LaSalle
(Hiawatha Service)
Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1980 (1980-10-26) October 29, 1989 (1989-10-29) Replaced Turboliner.
Replaced by Hiawatha Service
Alton Limited
(train) †
Chicago - St. Louis May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) Inherited from the GM&O Limited.
Replaced by the Prairie State
Lincoln Service
(train) †
Chicago - St. Louis October 30, 2006 (2006-10-30) present Replaced the State House and the St. Louis- portion of the Ann Rutledge
Lone Star
(Amtrak train)
Chicago - Houston May 19, 1974 (1974-05-19) October 8, 1979 (1979-10-08) Renamed from Texas Chief
Loop
(Amtrak train)
Chicago - Springfield April 27, 1986 (1986-04-27) June 30, 1996 (1996-06-30)  
Marquette
(Hiawatha Service)
Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1980 (1980-10-26) October 28, 1984 (1984-10-28) Replaced Turboliner,
Renamed Nicolette and Radisson
Michigan Executive
(train) ‡
Detroit - Jackson January 20, 1975 (1975-01-20) June 13, 1982 (1982-06-13) Inherited from Penn Central commuter service.
Detroit - Ann Arbor June 14, 1982 (1982-06-14) January 13, 1984 (1984-01-13)
Missouri River Runner
(train) †
St. Louis - Kansas City January 28, 2009 (2009-01-28) present Renamed from the Ann Rutledge, Kansas City Mule, and St. Louis Mule
Nicollet
(Hiawatha Service)
Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1980 (1980-10-26) October 29, 1989 (1989-10-29) Replaced Turboliner.
Replaced by Hiawatha Service
North Star
(Amtrak train)
Chicago - Duluth April 30, 1978 (1978-04-30) April 7, 1985 (1985-04-07) Renamed from the Arrowhead (Amtrak)
Panama Limited
(train)
Chicago - New Orleans November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) February 1, 1981 (1981-02-01) Renamed from and renamed City of New Orleans
Pere Marquette
(Amtrak train) †
Chicago - Grand Rapids August 4, 1984 (1984-08-04) present  
Prairie Marksman
(train)
Chicago - East Peoria August 10, 1980 (1980-08-10) October 4, 1981 (1981-10-04)  
Prairie State
(Amtrak train)
Milwaukee - St. Louis November 14, 1971 (1971-11-14) October 1, 1973 (1973-10-01) Replaced the Limited. Replaced by Turboliner
Radisson
(Hiawatha Service)
Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1980 (1980-10-26) October 29, 1989 (1989-10-29) Replaced Turboliner. Replaced by Hiawatha Service
River Cities
(train)
Kansas City - New Orleans April 29, 1984 (1984-04-29) November 4, 1993 (1993-11-04)  
Saluki
(Illini and Saluki train) †
Chicago - Carbondale October 30, 2006 (2006-10-30) present  
St. Clair
(Lake Cities Amtrak train) ‡
Chicago - Detroit May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) May 10, 1975 (1975-05-10) Inherited from Penn Central Twilight Limited (passenger train) /Michigan.
Replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976 (1976-06-15) August 2, 1980 (1980-08-02) Replaced Turboliner. Replaced by Lake Cities
St. Louis Mule
(train)
St. Louis - Kansas City October 26, 1980 (1980-10-26) April 1, 1995 (1995-04-01)  
July 1, 1995 (1995-07-01) January 27, 2009 (2009-01-27) Replaced by Missouri River Runner
Shawnee
(train) ‡
Chicago - Carbondale May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) January 11, 1986 (1986-01-11) Replaced by Illini
State House
(train)
Chicago - St. Louis October 1, 1973 (1973-10-01) October 30, 2006 (2006-10-30) Renamed Lincoln Service
Texas Chief
(train) ‡
Chicago - Houston May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) May 18, 1974 (1974-05-18) Inherited from Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Texas Chief. Renamed Lone Star
Texas Eagle
(train) †
Chicago - San Antonio November 15, 1988 (1988-11-15) present Renamed from the Eagle (Amtrak)
Turboliner
(Service train)
Chicago - St. Louis October 1, 1973 (1973-10-01) February 15, 1976 (1976-02-15) Replaced Abraham Lincoln and Prairie State. Replaced by Abraham Lincoln and Ann Rutledge
Chicago - Detroit May 10, 1975 (1975-05-10) October 31, 1976 (1976-10-31) Replaced and replaced by Wolverine and St. Clair
Chicago - Milwaukee October 26, 1975 (1975-10-26) October 26, 1980 (1980-10-26) Replaced Hiawatha Service. Replaced by LaSalle, Marquette, Nicollet and Radisson
Milwaukee - Detroit October 26, 1975 (1975-10-26) June 15, 1976 (1976-06-15)
Chicago - Port Huron June 15, 1976 (1976-06-15) October 31, 1976 (1976-10-31) Replaced and replaced by Blue Water Limited
Twilight Limited
(train)
Chicago - Detroit October 31, 1976 (1976-10-31) May 4, 1994 (1994-05-04) Renamed from St. Clair
Chicago - Pontiac May 5, 1994 (1994-05-05) May 20, 2000 (2000-05-20)  
Chicago - Detroit May 21, 2000 (2000-05-21) August 30, 2000 (2000-08-30)  
Chicago - Pontiac August 31, 2000 (2000-08-31) April 28, 2002 (2002-04-28)  
Chicago - Detroit April 29, 2002 (2002-04-29) April 27, 2003 (2003-04-27)  
Chicago - Pontiac April 28, 2003 (2003-04-28) April 25, 2004 (2004-04-25) Merged into Wolverine
Twin Cities Hiawatha
(Amtrak train)
Chicago - Minneapolis January 16, 1972 (1972-01-16) June 12, 1972 (1972-06-12) Replaced Hiawatha.
Replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
September 8, 1977 (1977-09-08) April 30, 1978 (1978-04-30) Replaced by North Star
Wolverine
(train) †‡
Chicago - Detroit May 1, 1971 (1971-05-01) May 10, 1975 (1975-05-10) Inherited from Penn Central Wolverine. Unnamed until November 14, 1971.
Replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976 (1976-06-15) May 4, 1994 (1994-05-04) Replaced Turboliner
Chicago - Pontiac May 5, 1994 (1994-05-05) present  
Weekender
(Lincoln Service)
Chicago - St. Louis October 1, 1973 (1973-10-01) May 19, 1974 (1974-05-19) Replaced Abraham Lincoln and Prairie State.
Replaced by Turboliner

Current Amtrak Route - Midwest-West
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
California Zephyr
(train) †
Chicago - Oakland July 16, 1983 October 26, 1997 Replaced the San Francisco Zephyr. Temporarily cut to Emeryville from August 5, 1994 to May 12, 1995
Chicago - Emeryville October 26, 1997 present  
Chief
(train)
Chicago - Los Angeles June 11, 1972 September 10, 1972  
City of San Francisco
(train) ‡
Chicago - Oakland May 1, 1971 June 10, 1972 Renamed San Francisco Zephyr
Denver Zephyr
(train) ‡
Chicago - Denver May 1, 1971 June 10, 1973 Inherited from Burlington Northern Railroad Denver Zephyr.
Replaced by increased service on the San Francisco Zephyr.
Empire Builder
(train) †‡
Chicago - Seattle May 1, 1971 October 24, 1981 Inherited from Burlington Northern Railroad Empire Builder
Chicago - Portland/Seattle October 25, 1981 present  
National Chief
(Southwest Chief train)
Washington, D.C. - Los Angeles     Announced in 1996 as a through train combining the Southwest Chief and Capitol Limited, but never implemented
North Coast Hiawatha
(train)
Chicago - Seattle June 5, 1971 October 7, 1979 Inherited from Burlington Northern Railroad North Coast Limited. Unnamed until November 14, 1971
San Francisco Zephyr
(train)
Chicago - Oakland June 11, 1972 July 15, 1983 Renamed from City of San Francisco.
Replaced by the California Zephyr
Southwest Chief
(train) †
Chicago - Los Angeles October 28, 1984 present Renamed from Southwest Limited
Southwest Limited
(train)
Chicago - Los Angeles May 19, 1974 October 28, 1984 Renamed from Super Chief. Renamed Southwest Chief
Sunset Limited
(train) †‡
New Orleans - Los Angeles May 1, 1971 April 4, 1993 Inherited from Southern Pacific Railroad Sunset Limited, extended to Miami
Miami - Los Angeles April 4, 1993 November 10, 1996 Truncated to Sanford
Sanford - Los Angeles November 10, 1996 October 26, 1997 Extended to Orlando
Orlando - Los Angeles October 26, 1997 August 29, 2005 Truncated to San Antonio due to Hurricane Katrina.
San Antonio - Los Angeles August 29, 2005 October 26, 2005 Extended to New Orleans
New Orleans - Los Angeles October 26, 2005 present Service east of New Orleans suspended after Hurricane Katrina.
Super Chief
(train)
Chicago - Los Angeles April 19, 1973 May 19, 1974 Renamed from Super Chief / El Capitan. Renamed Southwest Limited
El Capitan
(Super Chief train) ‡
Chicago - Los Angeles May 1, 1971 April 19, 1973 Inherited from Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Super Chief / El Capitan (train). Renamed Super Chief

Current Amtrak Route - West
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Capitols
(Capitol Corridor train)
Roseville - San Jose December 11, 1991 January 25, 1998  
Colfax - San Jose January 26, 1998 February 26, 2000  
Auburn - San Jose February 27, 2000 April 28, 2001 Renamed Capitol Corridor
Capitol Corridor
(train) †
Auburn - San Jose April 29, 2001 present Renamed from Capitols
Coast Daylight
(Capitol Corridor train) ‡
Oakland - Los Angeles May 1, 1971 November 14, 1971 Inherited from the Southern Pacific Railroad Coast Daylight. Unnamed until 1971.
Joint operation with the Coast Starlight as Coast Starlight/Daylight.
Oakland - San Diego November 14, 1971 April 1972
Oakland - Los Angeles April 1972 May 19, 1974
Coast Starlight
(train) †‡
Seattle - San Diego May 1, 1971 April 1972 Inherited from Southern Pacific Railroad / Burlington Northern Railroad Cascade (train), Southern Pacific Railroad Coast Daylight, and Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway San Diegan. Unnamed until 1971.
Joint operation with the Coast Daylight as Coast Starlight/Daylight until 1974.
Seattle - Los Angeles April 1972 present
Desert Wind
(train)
Ogden - Los Angeles October 28, 1979 July 15, 1983  
Salt Lake City - Los Angeles July 15, 1983 May 10, 1997  
Expo '74
(train)
Seattle - Spokane May 19, 1974 September 14, 1974  
Las Vegas Limited
(train)
Las Vegas - Los Angeles May 21, 1976 August 8, 1976  
Metroliner
(Amtrak San Diegan train)
Los Angeles - San Diego April 29, 1984 April 28, 1985  
Orange County Commuter
(Orange County Line train)
Los Angeles - San Juan Capistrano April 30, 1990 March 28, 1994 Replaced by Metrolink (Southern California). Metrolink Orange County Line
Pacific Surfliner
(train) †
San Luis Obispo - San Diego June 1, 2000 present Renamed from the San Diegan
Pioneer
(train)
Seattle - Salt Lake City June 7, 1977 June 16, 1991  
Seattle - Denver June 17, 1991 May 10, 1997  
San Diegan
(train) ‡
Los Angeles - San Diego May 1, 1971 June 25, 1988 Inherited from Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway San Diegan. Unnamed until November 14, 1971
Santa Barbara - San Diego June 26, 1988 April 1996  
San Luis Obispo - San Diego April 1996 May 31, 2000 Renamed Pacific Surfliner
San Joaquins
(train) †
Oakland - Bakersfield March 5, 1974 May 15, 1999  
Oakland/Sacramento - Bakersfield May 16, 1999 present  
Spirit of California
(train)
Sacramento - Los Angeles October 25, 1981 September 30, 1983  

Current Amtrak Route - Cascades Corridor

All regional service between Vancouver, British Columbia and Eugene, Oregon has been known as Amtrak Cascades since 1998. Prior to this, individual trains or services had unique names. This table includes only trains that did not operate beyond the corridor.
 
Name Route Service
Began
Service
Ended
Notes
Amtrak Cascades
(train) †
Vancouver - Eugene May 17, 1998 present Replaced Cascadia, Mount Adams and Mount Baker International.
Name did not appear until the 1998 timetable. Service formally began in 1999.
Cascadia
(Amtrak Cascades train)
Seattle - Eugene October 29, 1995 May 16, 1998 Renamed from the Mount Rainier. Merged into Amtrak Cascades
Mount Adams
(Amtrak Cascades train)
Seattle - Portland October 1, 1994 May 16, 1998 Replaced the Northwest Talgo. Merged into Amtrak Cascades
Mount Baker International
(Amtrak Cascades train)
Vancouver - Seattle May 26, 1995 May 16, 1998 Merged into Amtrak Cascades
Mount Rainier
(Amtrak Cascades train) ‡
Seattle - Portland May 1, 1971 October 29, 1994 Inherited from an unnamed Burlington Northern Railroad train. Unnamed until 1971.
Southbound ran to Eugene from 1980 to 1981 as the return from a Willamette Valley trip.
Seattle - Eugene October 30, 1994 October 29, 1995 Renamed Cascadia.
Northwest Talgo
(Amtrak Cascades train)
Seattle - Portland April 1, 1994 September 30, 1994 Replaced by the Mount Adams
Pacific International
(train)
Vancouver - Seattle July 17, 1972 September 30, 1981  
Puget Sound
(Amtrak Cascades train) ‡
Seattle - Portland May 1, 1971 June 7, 1977 Inherited from an unnamed Burlington Northern Railroad train. Unnamed until November 14, 1971.
Replaced by the Pioneer.
Willamette Valley
(train)
Portland - Eugene August 3, 1980 December 31, 1981  
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