Salzburg Hauptbahnhof

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof or Salzburg main station, abbreviated Salzburg Hbf and occasionally translated as Central Station is the main railway station in Salzburg, capital of the federal state of Salzburg in Austria. It is the most important station in the agglomeration of Salzburg, and a major transportation hub in western Austria.

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Overview

For a long time, Salzburg Hauptbahnhof has been a border station at the Austrian border with Germany. It serves both the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) and the Deutsche Bahn AG. It also forms a junction between several ÖBB local and long-distance transport routes.

At Salzburg Hbf, the Western Railway from Vienna and Linz links with the Rosenheim-Salzburg railway, on which, along with international trains, so-called ÖBB corridor services make express connections with the Tyrol and the Vorarlberg, via the German Corner at Rosenheim. Another main line, the Salzburg-Tyrol railway, heads from Salzburg Hbf in a southerly direction via Bischofshofen and Zell am See to Wörgl Hauptbahnhof. In Schwarzach-St. Veit, yet another main line, the Tauern Railway, branches off from this line.

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof is also important as a departure point for regional services on the Salzburger Lokalbahn, and as a key hub of the Salzburg S-Bahn and for many regional buses serving Greater Salzburg. Also located at the station is one of the key hubs in the StadtBus Salzburg trolleybus system and city bus network.

Until 1957, a local railway station in the Salzburg Hbf forecourt was the departure point for the narrow gauge Salzkammergut-Lokalbahn, commonly known as the Ischlerbahn, to Mondsee and Bad Ischl.

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof History

In 1860, the Duchy of Salzburg was connected by its Hauptbahnhof with Europe's international railway network by the Bavarian Maximilian's Railway from Munich via Rosenheim, and with the Austria-Hungary's domestic network by the Empress Elisabeth Railway (the present day Western Railway) to Vienna. Taking into account the Hauptbahnhof's location, it was originally laid out as a through station.

After 1900, part of the station was rebuilt as an island station. Parallel to the station building, which faces a through track, an additional building was erected, on a wide platform topped with a train shed. On the other side of the train shed are further through tracks. Inside it are terminating tracks, for Austrian domestic traffic on the northeastern side and for trains to Germany on the southwestern side.

Following the construction of further rail links, culminating in the Tauern Railway to Villach and on to Trieste in 1909, the station increased in importance as a transport hub. From the now defunct local station complex on the station forecourt, trains began operating in 1886 on the Salzburger Lokalbahn and in 1893 on the Salzkammergut-Lokalbahn.

In 1944 and 1945, the final years of World War II, the station and its network of tracks was the target of numerous bombing raids by American naval aircraft. These raids partially destroyed the station as a whole. Some unexploded ordnance from the raids is believed to be still embedded in the station yard to this day. The risk that it might explode without warning has often created difficulties when deep excavations need to be performed. In 2003, an unsuccessful defusing of a 250-pound bomb even cost two explosives experts their lives, and in July/August 2007, the ÖBB carried out a search for further unexploded ordnance.

Since 1996, the Salzburger Lokalbahn has had its terminus in an underground station under the Südtiroler Platz. An underground extension of this railway as a U-Bahn or Stadtbahn line into or through the city centre was planned, and remains an option. With the establishment and expansion of the S-Bahn system in the Salzburg agglomeration, the Hauptbahnhof's importance has again increased, as it repeatedly hits its capacity limits, due to the limited number of through tracks.

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Renovations

The structure of the station as it existed at the start of the twenty-first century, with its bay platforms and five through platforms, was regarded as being more of a hindrance than a help to train services within the Schengen Agreement area's open borders. Under the so-called ÖBB-Bahnhofsoffensive, a complete rebuild of the railway tracks and platforms was therefore made. The bay platforms were replaced with through platforms, and the three dingy platform access underpasses by a large shopping mall. The shopping mall extended under all of the railway lines, from Südtirolerplatz to the north right through to the station's rear or southern side.

The competition for the design of the renovations was won by Klaus Kada, who had already designed the new Klagenfurt Hauptbahnhof. His winning entry was presented as early as May 1999. However, the actual construction project, which was essential to the station's future as a node for both long distance and local transport services, was consistently delayed.

The delays were due in part to controversy over the marble hall, which was located in a building on the wide island platform. That building needed to be demolished in the course of the renovations. The marble hall, a part of the station restaurant, had been built after World War II. A community group felt that it was of historic value, and should therefore be retained. The city of Salzburg proposed a compromise, involving the removal of the hall and its reconstruction elsewhere in a new building. Eventually, the competent authority ended the dispute, by approving the marble hall's demolition, under the city's proposed conditions. The marble from the marble hall was taken away from the demolition site under the supervision of the Heritage Office, and is currently being stored by the ÖBB.

Meanwhile, as a consequence of the removal of panels in the station lobby, well-preserved tile images have come to light.

The steel roof structure of the canopy on the island platform has been placed under cultural heritage management. The structure was therefore carefully removed at the start of November 2009, and taken to Linz to be restored prior to integration into the new station. In February 2011 the first of the seven arches of the roof structure was re-erected.

The total budget for the station construction was 270 million Euros, of which just over 10% was contributed by the province of Salzburg. The works commenced on 7 November 2008. Currently, the renovations are almost complete (according to the ÖBB project manager the works are exactly on schedule). The station will be completed in 2014.

To carry out the renovations while normal train services are operating, the planners had to make special arrangements:

Since 2009, the ÖBB services at the station have been temporarily relocated to shipping containers on the station forecourt. Until the completion of the building work, the ticket hall, automatic ticket machines, travel centre, station restaurant, and book, periodical and tobacco shops are situated there, along with an Infobox including an exhibition about the renovations.

The reduced number of available tracks is a logistical challenge for the maintenance of a service to schedule. In some cases, the renovations have therefore led to delays in rail traffic.
Since 27 October 2009, the station forecourt has been available to private traffic only on a restricted basis; public transport has not been affected.

Access paths to the platforms have been redefined since 2010; the old ticket hall is closed, and temporary access to the platforms is via the left and right of the station building

Today, the station is a stop for ICE and IC long-distance trains, as well as local trains operated by Deutsche Bahn (DB AG) and the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB). The station is also a loading point for Motorail trains.

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Long Distance Traffic
Line Train route Schedule
RJ/ICE 90 Munich - Salzburg - Linz - Vienna West (- Budapest) Individual trains
ICE 766/767 Innsbruck - Salzburg - Linz - Vienna West  
IC 32 Dortmund - Cologne - Frankfurt - Stuttgart - Munich - Salzburg Individual trains
EC 62 Siegen - Frankfurt - Stuttgart - Munich - Salzburg - Klagenfurt One train pair, with change of direction
IC 62 Frankfurt - Stuttgart - Munich - Salzburg Two hourly  
IC 90 Munich - Salzburg Two hourly  
IC Salzburg - Vienna West  
RE EC/RJ Vienna West - Salzburg - Innsbruck - Bregenz / - Zürich  

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Regional Traffic
Line Train route
M Munich - Rosenheim - Salzburg
RB Salzburg - Freilassing - Landshut
REX/R/RB Attnang-Puchheim - Salzburg Taxham Europark
REX Linz - / Braunau - Salzburg
REX Salzburg - Wörgl

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof S-Bahn traffic
Line Train route
S1 Salzburg Hbf (Tiefgeschoss) - Bürmoos - Lamprechtshausen
S11 Salzburg Hbf (Tiefgeschoss) - Bürmoos - Trimmelkam
S2 Salzburg Hbf - Straßwalchen
S3 Bad Reichenhall - Freilassing - Salzburg Hbf - Golling-Abtenau (individual trains to Schwarzach/St. Veit and Saalfelden)

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof

General Information on the Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Station Building

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Location:
Südtiroler Platz 1
5020 Salzburg
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Coordinates: 47°48'47"N 13°2'48"ECoordinates: 47°48'47"N 13°2'48"E
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Elevation: 428 m (1,404 ft)
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Owned by: Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB)
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Operated By:
ÖBB Infra
Western Railway
Salzburg-Tyrol Railway
Salzburger Lokalbahn
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Platforms: 9 through
2 terminating (local line)

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Train Operators:
Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB)

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Connections

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Bus: Salzburg trolleybuses
and city buses

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Construction

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Architect: Kada Wittfeld
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Station Code: ZSB

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof History

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Opened: 1860
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Rebuilt: 2012-2014
Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Electrified: Yes

Salzburg Hauptbahnhof Services
Preceding station ÖBB Following station
toward München Hbf
Railjet Linz Hbf
toward Budapest Keleti
Innsbruck Hbf
toward Zürich or Bregenz
Railjet Linz Hbf
toward Budapest Keleti
toward Innsbruck Hbf
Railjet Linz Hbf
toward Wien Westbahnhof
Terminus Railjet Attnang-Puchheim
toward Wien Westbahnhof
toward Frankfurt Hbf
EuroCity Steindorf bei Straßwalchen
toward Linz Hbf
Preceding station Meridian Following station
toward Munich Hbf
RE Terminus
Preceding station Südostbayernbahn Following station
toward Landshut Hbf
RB Terminus
Preceding station S-Bahn Salzburg Following station
Terminus RB Salzburg Itzling
toward Lamprechtshausen
Terminus RB Salzburg Itzling
toward Ostermiething
Salzburg Mülln-Altstadt
toward Freilassing
RB Salzburg Kasern
toward Straßwalchen
Salzburg Mülln-Altstadt
toward Bad Reichenhall
RB Salzburg Sam
toward Schwarzach-St.Veit

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