Renfe Operadora

Renfe Operadora
Renfe Operadora is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 21⁄32 in) Iberian gauge, the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge and the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge networks of the Spanish national railway infrastructure company ADIF (Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias—Railway Infrastructure Administration).

The network of luxury trains in Spain is state-owned and operated by Renfe Operadora. It runs from March until October on regular and charter trips. The main routes cross northern Spain and Andalusia, with special journeys throughout the peninsula.
Renfe Operadora History
The name "Renfe" is derived from that of the former Spanish National Railway Network, RENFE (acronym of Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles—National Network of Spanish Railways) created on 24 January 1941 with the nationalisation of Spain's railways. As per EU Directive 91/440, RENFE was divided into Renfe-Operadora (operations) and ADIF (infrastructure) on 1 January 2005.
At the same time, the existing RENFE double-arrowed logo (nicknamed the "galleta", Spanish for biscuit), first introduced in 1971 and given a facelift in 1983, with a sans-serif font, and again in 2000, with a mixed-case italic font, has been replaced by a dark purple lower-case wordmark designed by Interbrand, and also replaces some of the separate logos used by the other sectors, although the old RENFE logo remains in use in some stations in Spain and on maps to indicate an ADIF station.
The Railway Sector Act, 2003 separated the management, maintenance and construction of rail infrastructure from train operation. The first activity is now the responsibility of Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF), the legal successor of RENFE, while the newly created Renfe-Operadora (commercial name "Renfe Operadora" or simply "Renfe") owns the rolling stock and remains responsible for the planning, marketing and operation of passenger and freight services (though no longer with a legal monopoly).
Renfe Operadora inherited the management model of the business units of the old RENFE, which made Renfe Operadora responsible for the operation of the following passenger and freight services. In January 2006.
Renfe Operadora restructured the main business units into four:
  • Dirección General de Servicios Públicos de Cercanías y Media Distancia (General Public Utilities Directorate for Suburban and Medium Distance): responsible for commuter services (Cercanías), medium-distance high-speed rail AVE services and medium-range regional services (es:Regionales and es:Media Distancia). However, control of some Cercanías services were transferred to Spain's Autonomous communities.
  • Dirección General de Servicios de Larga Distancia (General Directorate of Long Distance Services): responsible for long-distance intercity and high-speed rail services (except medium-distance AVE services and Media Distancia, which is managed by the above business unit).
  • Dirección General de Servicios de Mercancías y Logística (General Directorate for Freight and Logistics Services): responsible for freight services.
  • Dirección General de Fabricación y Mantenimiento (General Directorate of Manufacturing and Maintenance): responsible for rolling stock maintenance and manufacture (also known as Integria)
The Spanish State railways are currently engaged in a major transformation and modernisation project. Key to this effort is a major overhaul of their out-dated ICT (information and communication technology) systems through an ICT renewal project scheduled for completion at the end of 2010 under the responsibility of Corporate Director of Information Systems Óscar Gómez Barbero. So far, the company has introduced improvements to their internet ticket sales and adopted new ICT management practices within a "more industrial" organisational model, though Mr. Gomez has publicly acknowledged the difficulties in transforming what still remains a very hierarchical organisation.
Renfe Operadora Structure
In June 2013, Renfe's board agreed to restructure the organisation into four separate companies, responsible for:
  • Operating passenger trains.
  • Freight.
  • Rolling stock maintenance.
  • Train leasing.
These four would be underneath a single holding company.
Renfe Operadora Operations
The company operates some 12,000 km (7,500 mi) of railways, 7,000 km (4,300 mi) of them electrified. Most of the tracks are constructed to the broad "Iberian gauge" of 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 21⁄32 in), the same as that used in Portugal but wider than the international gauge of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) which is standard in neighbouring France, most of western and central Europe, and most of the rest of the world. The newer high-speed (AVE) network has been built to the international standard gauge of 1,435 mm in anticipation of its eventual connection to the rest of the European railway system. For this reason, the 1,435 mm gauge is generally termed "European gauge" in Spain.
The Spanish high-speed system is called AVE (Alta Velocidad Española, meaning "Spanish High Speed"). The logo incorporates a feature which resembles a bird (ave in Spanish). The high-speed lines are built to the standard European gauge (1,435 mm or 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in).
Construction of the high-speed rail line between Madrid and Seville began in 1988 and operation commenced in 1991. Train speed on the Seville line is 300 km/h (190 mph). The second high-speed rail line (Madrid to Barcelona) was completed in 2007 with the inaugural service commencing at 06:00 on 20 February 2008. The operational speed on this route is 350 km/h (220 mph). The greater part of the line (Madrid to Lleida) was placed into service on 11 October 2003, with connection to Huesca from Zaragoza.
The third high-speed line (Madrid to Toledo) was opened in November 2005, followed by the spur from Córdoba to Málaga as far as Antequera in 2007. Another high-speed route from Madrid to Valladolid was opened in 2007, the line from Madrid to Valencia was opened in 2010 and the first stage of the high-speed line in Galicia opened in 2011. A line to Lisbon is being designed.
Other lines operated by Renfe include Euromed, a moderate-speed line between Barcelona and Valencia.
In addition to intercity transport, Renfe operates commuter train systems, known as Cercanías (or Rodalies in Catalonia and Cercanías-Aldirikoak in the Basque Country), in eleven metropolitan areas, including Madrid and Barcelona. In some cities, Renfe shares the market with other commuter railway operators, such as FGC in Barcelona.
Renfe Operadora Passenger Rolling Stock
Renfe Operadora utilises the following rolling stock and commercial products inside of its two divisions:
  • Renfe Operadora Suburban and Medium Distance (DGSPCMD)
  • Cercanías (Commuter Rail)
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 442 EMU
Metropolitan Area:
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 446 EMU
Metropolitan Area:
San Sebastián
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 447 EMU
Metropolitan Area:
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 450/451 EMU
Metropolitan Area:
Metropolitan Area:
Civia EMU
Metropolitan Area:
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 592 DMU
Metropolitan Area:
Renfe Medium Distance
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 440/470 EMU (to be phased out)
Córdoba – Rabanales
León – Ponferrada – Vigo
León – Gijón
Valladolid – Santander
Valladolid – Ávila
Valladolid – León
Valencia − Barcelona
Valencia − Alicante
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 448 EMU
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 449 EMU
Madrid – Jaén
León – Ponferrada – Orense – Vigo
Sevilla – Cádiz
Barcelona – Girona – Figueres
Huelva – Sevilla
Jaén – Córdoba – Sevilla – Cadiz
Madrid − Alcázar de San Juan − Albacete
Madrid − Alcázar de San Juan − Ciudad Real
Alicante – Albacete – Ciudad Real
Madrid − León
Madrid – Vitoria
Vitoria – Irun
Córdoba – Bobadilla
Barcelona – Reus
Barcelona – Tortosa
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 592 DMU (to be phased out)
Madrid – Cuenca – Valencia
Madrid – Talavera
Murcia – Cartagena
Valencia − Alcoi
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 594 DMU
Valladolid – Zamora – Puebla de Sanabria
A Coruña – Ferrol
A Coruña – Lugo – Monforte de Lemos
Madrid – Soria
Murcia – Cartagena
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 596 DMU
Murcia – Cartagena
Orense – Monforte de Lemos
Zaragoza – Canfranc
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 598 DMU
Madrid – Badajoz
Huelva – Zafra
Sevilla – Mérida
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 599 DMU
A Coruña – Vigo
Salamanca – Ávila – Madrid
Zaragoza – Salamanca
Salamanca – Palencia
Valencia – Cartagena
Zaragoza – Valencia
Zaragoza - Cartagena
Sevilla – Málaga
Sevilla – Almería
Granada – Algeciras
Málaga – Ronda
Granada – Linares
Madrid − Águilas
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 104 EMU (High-speed)
Madrid – Toledo
Madrid – Ciudad Real
Sevilla – Córdoba
Barcelona – Camp De Tarragona
Zaragoza – Calatayud
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 114 EMU (High-speed)
Madrid – Valladolid
Barcelona – Lleida
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 121 EMU (High-speed)
Cádiz – Jaén
A Coruña – Santiago de Compostela
Madrid – Vigo
Madrid – Gandia
Renfe Long Distance Services (DGSLD)
Service: Altaria
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 334 locomotive
+ Talgo IV cars
Madrid – Algeciras
Madrid – Granada
Madrid – Murcia – Cartagena
Service: Talgo
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 252/334 locomotive
+ Talgo VI cars
Madrid – Almería
Barcelona – Murcia – Cartagena/Lorca
Torre del Oro:
Barcelona – Valencia – Sevilla
Service: Intercity
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 252 locomotive
+ Talgo VI cars
Madrid – Valencia
Service: Trenhotel (sleeper service)
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 252/334 locomotive
+ Talgo sleeper cars
Barcelona – A Coruña
Barcelona – Vigo
Rías Gallegas:
Madrid – Pontevedra
Madrid – Ferrol
Madrid – Lisbon
Hendaye – Lisbon
Renfe High-Speed Long Distance Services
Service: AVE
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 100 EMU
Madrid – Sevilla
Madrid – Alicante
Madrid – Marseille
Barcelona – Toulouse
Barcelona – Lyon
Service: AVE
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 102 EMU
Route(s): Madrid – Huesca
Madrid – Zaragoza
Madrid – Valladolid
Madrid – Málaga
Valencia – Sevilla
Service: AVE
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 103 EMU
Madrid – Barcelona
Madrid – Málaga
Service: AVE
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 112 EMU
Madrid – Cuenca – Valencia
Madrid – Cuenca – Albacete
Madrid – León
Barcelona – Málaga
Barcelona – Zaragoza
Barcelona – Sevilla
Service: Alvia (mixed high-speed & conventional service)
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 120/121 EMU
Madrid – Pamplona
Madrid – Logroño
Madrid – Irún/Hendaya
Barcelona – Irún
Barcelona – Bilbao
Barcelona – Pamplona
Barcelona – Valladolid
Service: Alvia (mixed high-speed & conventional service)
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 130 EMU
Madrid – Gijón
Madrid – Santander
Alicante – Gijón
Alicante – Santander
Madrid – Cádiz
Madrid – Huelva
Madrid – Valencia – Castellón
Madrid – Valencia – Gandía
Barcelona – A Coruña
Barcelona – Vigo
Barcelona – Gijón
Service: Alvia (mixed high-speed & conventional service)
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 730 HMU
Alicante – Madrid – Pontevedra
Alicante – Madrid – A Coruña
Madrid – Ferrol
Madrid – Pontevedra
Madrid – Ponferrada
Service: AVE City
Rolling Stock: 
RENFE Class 104 EMU
RENFE Class 121 EMU
Valencia – Málaga
Madrid – Sevilla
Madrid – León
Service: Euromed (medium-high-speed service)
Rolling Stock: RENFE Class 130 EMU
Barcelona – Valencia – Alicante
Renfe Operadora Class Numbers
All classes are designated by three numbers. The first digit has a special meaning:
  • 1xx: High speed multiple unit
  • 2xx: Electric locomotive
  • 3xx: Diesel locomotive
  • 4xx: Electric multiple unit (EMU)
  • 5xx: Diesel multiple unit (DMU)
  • 6xx: Hybrid locomotive
  • 7xx: Hybrid multiple unit (HMU)
  • 8xx: Trams which can run on railways
Rail Holidays
Rail Vacations
Luxury Trains
Luxury Tours
International Trains
International Tours
home Rail-Pass & Train Tickets & International Rail Holidays Hotel Booking & Hotel Reservations & Hotel Accomodation B&B Booking & B&B Reservations & B&B Accommodation Hostel Booking & Youth Hostel Reservations & Hostel Accommodation Chalet Rental & Holiday Homes & Vacation Homes Ski Pass Booking & Ski Pass Reservations & Ski Lift Pass Flight Tickets & Airline Reservations & Flight Booking Ferry Tickets & Ferry Booking & Ferry Reservations Car Rental Booking & Car Hire Reservations Excursions & Days Out & Day Trips & Theme Parks Rail Pass Booking & Rail Pass Reservations & Eurail & Interrail Rail Tickets & Rail Reservations & International Train Tickets Weekend Trips & Weekend Breaks & Weekend Away  Travel Insurance & Business Travel Insurance Eurotunnel Tickets & Eurotunnel Le Shuttle Reservations