Vienna U-Bahn - BVienna U-Bahn - B
Vienna U-Bahn Rolling Stock
The Vienna U-Bahn has three types of rolling stock, and has permanent way equipment. The U1, U2, U3, and U4 have two types of rolling stock: the older U/U1/U2 type (introduced in 1972) and the newer V type (introduced in 2002). The U6 has one class of train, the T/T1 type (introduced in 1993), the older E6/C6 having been retired in 2008 and now mostly operating in Utrecht in the Netherlands and Kraków in Poland, with a single set being preserved at Vienna's tramway museum ("Remise").
Vienna U-Bahn Type U
The first cars of the type U, developed by Simmering-Graz-Pauker (SGP) were delivered in 1972. The smallest unit is a two-axle motorcars, 36.8 metres (120 ft 9 in) long and 2.8 metres (9 ft 2 in) wide, permanently coupled twin railcar. A train is made up of three double cars. By 2008, short-haul trains with two double-wagons were used during downtimes or on the U2 line. Technically, the cars are very similar to the Munich and Nuremberg subway trains. However, there are significant differences in the award-winning car design. By 1982, a total of 135 double railcars Type U were delivered, but are now retired.
From 1987 SGP supplied with the type U1 (later referred to as U11), a second generation, which looks like its predecessor outwardly. The technical equipment has been further developed and includes water-cooled three-phase motors, brakes with energy recovery and modernized emergency braking and safety equipment. In the years 2000 to 2010 trains of the later type series of the type U were rebuilt and equipped with new three-phase motors, which should extend their life for another 20 years. The converted trains are called Type U2. These vehicles operate on the lines U2 and U3.
The interior of a car consists of eight pairs of vis-à-vis seats in the middle section, nine seats on the driverless ends and two pairs of seats opposite each other in the opposite end of the car. In 2006, the U1 and U2 LED displays replaced the original in-and-out illuminated telltale displays. In addition, the trains will gradually be retrofitted with plastic seats, video surveillance and warning lights to signal the door closing operation.
At Type U, no such conversions are made because the vehicles are successively scanned. An individual railcar has 49 seats and 91 standing places. In a train consisting of three double railcars, this is 294 seats and 546 standing places. The maximum speed is 80 km/h (50 mph). The design of the "Silver Arrows" trimmings comes from the railway designer Johann Benda.
Vienna U-Bahn V-Cars: Newer Generation
In the late 1990s, a consortium of companies Siemens, ELIN and Adtranz developed a new train called Type V or "V-Car". It is a continuous, permanently coupled six-car train consisting of two non-motorized control cars and four motorized intermediate cars. This corresponds to the length of three double wagons of the Ux type family. After a prototype had been mostly used on the line U3 from December 2000, 25 sets were purchased in June 2002 and again 15 trains of this type in December 2007. Of these, the first sets were delivered from February 2005, which received their operating license in mid-August 2006 after several delays. At the end of September 2009, another 20 vehicles were ordered.
In contrast to the prototype, the production cars in the interior were adapted to the new standard and got gray instead of white sidewalls and red plastic seats instead of the originally installed fabric seats. The newer Type V lines also feature yellow instead of gray-red handrails, improved interior displays and warning lights to signal the door closing operation.
A car consists of eight pairs of Vis-à-vis seats in the middle section and six seats each at the car transitions. At the beginning and end of the trains there are multipurpose compartments with four folding seats each and automatically extending ramps at each station to close the platform gap. They are the first Vienna subway cars to have air conditioning and are factory-equipped with video surveillance.
In order to keep the station stays short and avoid blocking by passengers, the doors have only sensitive sensor edges as anti-trap instead of light barriers. An individually opened door therefore only closes again as part of a central closing operation. All entrances can also be opened centrally from the driver's seat.
The trains were equipped with extensive safety technology, such as fire detectors in the roof areas, temperature sensors and dry extinguishing pipes on the undercarriage. Smoke or temperature exceedances are immediately transmitted to the driver. The type V cars have 260 seats and 618 standing places. Their top speed is 80 km/h (50 mph). The exterior design is the responsibility of Porsche Design.
A similar variant of this Type is also in service in Oslo, Norway as type OS MX3000.
Vienna U-Bahn X-Cars
Siemens was contracted to deliver and maintain 34 6-car Type X trains in September 2017. The order includes an option for an additional eleven trains. The vehicles are suited for both fully automated operation and driver operation. They will be used on the future Line U5 in a driverless configuration, and will serve on Lines U1 to U4 with drivers. Delivery started in spring of 2020 with a pre-series vehicle, with the last trains in this order scheduled for delivery at the end of 2030.
Vienna U-Bahn Line U6
The Line U6 was originally slated for rapid transit conversation like Line U4. However taking into account historic preservation of original Vienna Stadtbahn stations and structures, construction costs and disruption of existing services, decided to keep Line U6 with much of its original operations. Today Line U6 is unique when compared to other U-Bahn lines with overhead lines, low floor LRVs and optical signals (no LZB).
Vienna U-Bahn T-Class
Since 1993 Bombardier Wien has been developing 2.65-metre (8 ft 8 in) wide, double-articulated low-floor vehicles of the type T, which are similarly deployed as Type 400 on the Lokalbahn Wien-Baden and serve as the basis for the successful vehicle family Flexity Swift are. A set consists of three permanently coupled cars, a train of four sets.
By 2008, short-cut trains from three sets also operated during off-peak hours. The T-cars drove initially in conjunction with the older E6 / c6 cars, so that each train was a low-floor car, today only trains made entirely from T- and T1-cars. Seats: 232, standing room: 544.
A video-monitored, equipped with air conditioning, electronic interior and exterior displays and new design further development of the Type T comes since May 2008 as Type T1 used and replaced the old E6 / c6 high-floor suits. Since 24 December 2008 only vehicles type T and T1 on the U6.
The T and T1 cars can be coupled with each other so that trains from T and T1 cars can run mixed.
At the end of 2009, the T-cars began to be equipped with electronic indoor and outdoor displays and to improve the safety of passengers, personnel and against vandalism with a video surveillance of the interiors and thus visually align the T1. Also, the older cloth seats in the T-wagons are gradually being replaced by new, red plastic seats with yellow handles, which can also be found in the T1 car and in the Type V metro car. The vehicles of the Tx type family will also receive successive warning lights for signaling the door closing operation.
So that they can be transferred via the tram network to the main workshop of Wiener Linien, the T and T1 cars are equipped for tram operation.
Vienna U-Bahn Former Trains
From the light rail operation, the 2.3-metre (7 ft 7 in) wide, six-axle articulated wagons type E6 (railcar) and c6 (sidecar) "type Mannheim" were taken over, which were built in 1979 by Lohner and Rotax in Duewag license. An entire train offered 192 seats and 432 standing places. Until the end of 2008, the trains still operated in conjunction with T-cars, i.e. E6 + c6 + T + c6 + E6. In May 2008, the delivery of the type T1 began, which should completely replace the type E6 / c6. On 23 December 2008 E6 / c6 cars ran for the last time on the U6. Most of the vehicles were sold to Utrecht or Krakow. A train consisting of a railcar and a sidecar is obtained in the Museum of Remise. The E6 and c6 in Utrecht were sold to Krakow in 2014.
Vienna U-Bahn Art
In common with many urban transit systems, the Vienna U-Bahn has art works in stations. These include:
Vienna U-Bahn Native Name: U-Bahn Wien
Vienna U-Bahn Locale: Vienna, Austria
Vienna U-Bahn Transit Type: Rapid transit
Vienna U-Bahn Number of Stations: 98
Vienna U-Bahn Daily Ridership: 1.3 million (avg. daily, 2009)
Vienna U-Bahn Annual Ridership: 459,8 million (2019)
Vienna U-Bahn Operation
Vienna U-Bahn Began Operation:
8 May 1976 (test operation)
25 February 1978 (official opening)
Vienna U-Bahn Operator(s): Wiener Linien
Vienna U-Bahn Number of Vehicles: 778
Vienna U-Bahn Headway: 2-15 minutes
Vienna U-Bahn Technical
Vienna U-Bahn System Length: 83.3 km (51 mi 61 ch)
Vienna U-Bahn Track Gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1/2 in)
Vienna U-Bahn Electrification:
750 V DC third rail (U1-U4)
750 V DC overhead lines (U6)
Vienna U-Bahn Average Speed: 32.5 km/h (20.2 mph)
Vienna U-Bahn Top Speed: 85 km/h (53 mph)