Huancayo - Peru
Huancayo - Peru
Huancayo (Spanish pronunciation: waŋˈkaʝo; in Wanka Quechua: Wankayuq wɐŋˈkæjuː, '(place) with a (sacred) rock') is the capital of Junín Region, in the central highlands of Peru.
Huancayo is located in Huancayo Province, of which it is also the capital. Situated in the Mantaro Valley at an altitude of 3,271 meters, it belongs to the Quechua region. Depending on delimitation, the agglomeration has a population between 340,000 and 380,000 and is the fifth most populous city of the country. Huancayo is the cultural and commercial center of the whole central Peruvian Andes area.
Huancayo Historical Overview
Huancayo Pre-Columbian Era
The area was originally inhabited by the Huancas. At around 500 BC, they were incorporated into the Wari Empire. Despite efforts to defend its independence, the Huancas were eventually subdued by the Inca leader Pachacutec in 1460 and the region was incorporated into the Inca empire. It subsequently became a notable stopping point along the Inca Camino Real.
Huancayo Colonial Era
After the Spanish colonization (1534), Huancayo was overshadowed by Jauja, 45 km to the north, which the conquistador Francisco Pizarro established as a provisional capital of Peru until Lima took over that role. In 1570, the viceroy Francisco de Toledo established the site as the center of his encomienda Guancayo. The town was officially established on 1 June 1572 with the title of Santísima Trinidad de Huancayo. In 1813, Huancayo celebrated the promulgation of the Constitution of Cadiz, changing the name of the "Plaza del Comercio" to "Plaza de la Constitución".
Huancayo Republican Era
During the war for independence, Huancayo was liberated on 20 November 1820. Construction on the cathedral commenced in 1831. In 1854, when Peru officially ended slavery, the accord was made law in Huancayo. There is a statue in the Plaza Constitución commemorating this.
Today, in addition to its importance as a center of commerce, Huancayo is known for the crafts and the many festivals of the surrounding towns. Having rapidly expanded in recent decades, it has few remaining colonial buildings; the cityscape is dominated by modern construction.
According to the national Census of 2007, the three main districts of Huancayo have a total population of about 340,000. However, the continuous settlement area already reaches periurban districts. Hence, the agglomeration's population reaches at least 380,000 people. Amerindian and Mestizos (Amerindian and Spanish ancestry) are the two largest ethnic groups in the city. Asian (mainly descendants of Japanese and Chinese immigrants) and European descendants are important minority groups.
Municipalities of the City
km² censo 2007(hab)
Chilca 8,3 km² 77.392*
El Tambo 73,56 km² 146.847*
Huancayo 237,55 km² 112.054*
Total 319,41 km² 336.293*
*Data from the census taken by the INEI
Huancayo has transportation connections by air, road and rail. First, the Francisco Carle Airport at Jauja offers daily connections to Lima. Current airlines include LATAM Peru, LC Peru, and Peruvian Airlines. The airport in Jauja is located 45 minutes via car from Huancayo. Second, the Carretera Central links Huancayo with La Oroya and Lima by road which generally takes 7 to 8 hours. Multiple bus carriers operate between Lima and Huancayo daily. Third, the Ferrocarril Central Andino enables transport by rail. Huancayo was a break-of-gauge from 914 mm (3 ft) gauge to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) gauge; for the 147 km extension to Huancavelica. In 2009, this line was being standardised. There was a plan Metro Wanka to use the railway line as a local metro however this never came to fruition.
Huancayo Local Universities:
Huancayo Branches of other Peruvian Universities:
Huancayo Language Institutes:
Huancayo Notable People
Huancayo Location: Peru
"La Ciudad Incontrastable"
(The Uncontrastable City)
Huancayo Coordinates: 12°4′S 75°13′W Coordinates: 12°4′S 75°13′W
Huancayo Country: Peru
Huancayo Region: Junin
Huancayo Province: Huancayo
Huancayo District: Huancayo
Huancayo Founded: 1 June 1572
Huancayo Type: Municipal government
Huancayo Mayor: Dimas Aliaga Castro
Huancayo Elevation: 3,259 m (10,692.26 ft)
Huancayo Population: Estimate (2015) 364,725
Huancayo Time Zone: PET (UTC-5)
Huancayo Summer (DST): PET (UTC-5)
Huancayo Area Code(s): 64
Huancayo Website: www.munihuancayo.gob.pe