Transport in Peru

Transport in Peru

Railways in Peru

Peru Railroad Total: 2,374 km
Standard Gauge: 1,608 km, 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) gauge
Narrow Gauge: 380 km, 3 ft (914 mm) gauge

There are Two Unconnected Principal Railways in Peru.

The Ferrocarril Central Andino (FCCA; the former Ferrocarril Central del Perú) runs inland from Callao and Lima across the Andes watershed to La Oroya and Huancayo. It is the second highest railway in the world (following opening of the Qingzang railway in Tibet), with the Galera summit tunnel under Mount Meiggs at 4,783 m (15,692 ft) and Galera station at 4,777 m (15,673 ft) above sea level. In 1955 the railway opened a spur line from La Cima on the Morococha branch (4,818 m (15,807 ft) above sea level) to Volcán Mine, reaching an (at the time) world record altitude of 4,830 m (15,850 ft). Both branch and spur have since closed to traffic. From Huancayo the route is extended by the Ferrocarril Huancayo - Huancavelica. In July 2006 FCCA began work to regauge the Huancavelica line from 3 ft (0.91 m) to standard gauge and it was finished in 2010. There was also a proposal for a 21 km tunnel under the Andes.

The Ferrocarriles del Sur del Perú (FCS), now operated by
PeruRail, runs from the coast at Matarani to Cuzco, and to Puno on Lake Titicaca. From Cuzco, PeruRail and IncaRail run the 3 ft (0.91 m) gauge line to Aguas Calientes for Machu Picchu.

Rail Maps of Peru

UN Map
UNHCR Map for Peru and Ecuador
Road maps by Ministry of Transportation and Communication

Towns Served in Peru by Central Railways

See: Ferrocarril Central Andino

Map Details:
in March 2009, gauge conversion from Huancayo to Huancavelica from 914 mm (3 ft) to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) proceeds. By October 2010 it was finished and it is in service now.

Towns Served in Peru by Southern Railway

Southern Railway is now part of PeruRail

Map Details:Metro in Peru

Lima has a metro service or Lima Metro, also called Tren eléctrico that has now only one line (called Linea 1). The line has an extension of 34.6 km. with 26 stations, and goes from the south east to north east Lima urban districts passing downtown (This is Villa El Salvador to San Juan de Lurigancho). The second line (called Linea 2) is now under construction and will run from the port of Callao to Ate passing downtown too (west to east).(2015).

Huancayo Metro is the second urban rail line in Peru, is located in the Andean city of Huancayo and is currently under construction (2012).

Proposed Railways in Peru
  • Mining railway to Bayovar port by 2019. Also to Paita port.
  • Cajamarca - mine
Highways in Peru

total: 85,900 km
paved: 45,000 km (Of which approximately 350 km. of divided multi-line roads)
unpaved: 40,900 km (1999 est.)

The Pan American Highway runs the country from north to south next to the coast, from Tumbes (Ecuadoran border) to Tacna (Chilean border). From
Arequipa a branch goes to Puno and then to Bolivia. Other important highways are the Longitudinal de la Sierra, that goes from north to south in the highlands; and the Carretera Central, that goes from Lima (in the coast) to Pucallpa (in the jungle).

Long Distance Buses in Peru

Inter-city travel in Peru is almost exclusively done in long distance buses. Buses in most of the cities depart from bus terminals called terminal terrestre. The main bus companies that serve Lima with the major cities include Cruz del Sur and Ormeño. Other companies are Civa, Tepsa, Cial, Flores and Oltursa.

Waterways in Peru

8,600 km of navigable tributaries of Amazon system and 208 km of Lake Titicaca.

There are river boat service from Yurimaguas and Pucallpa to Iquitos, and from there to the Brazilian border in the Amazon river.
Touristic boats can be reached at Puno in the Lake Titicaca.

Pipelines in Peru
  • crude oil 800 km
  • natural gas and natural gas liquids 64 km
Ports and harbors in Peru

Pacific Ocean Ports
  • Callao
  • Chimbote
  • Ilo
  • Matarani
  • Paita
  • Salaverry
  • General San Martín
  • Talara
Lake Titicaca PortsAmazon Basin Ports
  • Iquitos
  • Pucallpa
  • Yurimaguas
Merchant Marine in Peru
  • total: 7 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 65,193 GRT/100,584 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
Ships by type: (1999 est.)
  • bulk carrier 1
  • cargo ships 6
Airports and Airlines in Peru


According to a 1999 estimate there are 234 airports in Peru. Jorge Chavez International Airport, in Lima is Peru's main national and international gateway, with an estimate of 98 percent of all international flights into Peru landing at this airport. Other important airports are located in Cusco, Arequipa, Iquitos and Piura.

Airports - with paved runways:
  • total: 44
  • over 3,047 m: 7
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 17
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 7
  • under 914 m: 1 (1999 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
  • total: 190
  • over 3,047 m: 1
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 26
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 67
  • under 914 m: 94 (1999 est.)
Airlines in Peru

International airlines connecting Peru with North America, Europe and other Latin American countries include:
  • Delta Air Lines
  • American Airlines
  • United Airlines
  • Air Canada
  • Iberia
  • Air France
  • KLM
  • LATAM Airlines
  • Avianca
  • AeroMexico
  • British Airways
Airlines in Peru with domestic service in Peru include:
  • LAN Peru
  • Star Peru
  • Peruvian Airlines
  • LC Perú
  • Avianca Peru
Charter and Cargo airlines include:
  • ATSA
  • Andes Air
  • Cielos Airlines
Former Peruvian airlines include:
  • Aero Continente
  • AeroPerú
  • Faucett

Read also our other many web pages on Peruvian Rail Transport:

Railways of Peru

Luxury Rail in Peru
Belmond Hiram Bingham - Peru
Belmond Andean Explorer – Peru
Ferrocarril Central Andino
Central Railroad of Peru
Huancayo-Huancavelica Railway
‘’El Tren Macho’’
Tourist Train To Huancayo

Tourism in Peru
Republic of Peru
Lima - Peru
Cusco - Peru
Transport in Peru
Rail Transport in Peru
History of Railroads in Peru
Luxury Railways of Peru
Plan your trip to Peru
Peru Plan Your Trip
Requirements for Entering Peru
Travelling to Peru - Getting to Peru

Peru Rail
Machu Picchu - Peru
Aguas Calientes - Peru
Sacred Valley of the Incas - Peru
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
Cusco - Peru
The Inca Empire
Hiram Bingham III

Inca Rail
Machu Picchu - Peru
Aguas Calientes - Peru
Sacred Valley of the Incas - Peru
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
Cusco - Peru
The Inca Empire
Hiram Bingham III

Ferrocarril Central Andino
Tourist Train To Huancayo

Callao – Peru
Lima - Peru
Huancayo - Peru
Cerro de Pasco - Peru

Huancayo-Huancavelica Railway
‘’El Tren Macho’’

Huancayo – Peru
Metro de Huancayo

Cusco - Peru
Lake Titicaca - Peru
Puno - Peru
Juliaca - Peru
Arequipa - Peru
Matarani - Peru

Central Railroad of Peru

Belmond Company
Belmond Hiram Bingham - Peru

Belmond Andean Explorer – Peru
Peruvian Highlands
Andean Plains and Islands of Discovery

Spirit of Peru Luxury Rail Tours
Spirit of the Andes
Spirit of the Water

Trans-Andean Railways
Railroad Development Corporation
Empresa Nacional de Ferrocarriles 
del Perú (Enafer)

Central Railroad of Peru

Great South Pacific Express -
The Nazca Lines - Peru
Nazca Lines - Peru
Colca Canyon
Lake Titicaca - Peru
SS Ollanta - Peru


*Luxury Rail in Peru:
Belmond Luxury Travel in Peru
Belmond Company
Luxury Travel in Peru
Belmond Andean Explorer
Luxury Rail Peru
Belmond Hiram Bingham
Luxury Rail Peru
''Peruvian Highlands''
Belmond Andean Explorer
''Andean Plains and Islands of Discovery''
Belmond Andean Explorer
’'Spirit of Peru’’
Peru Luxury Rail Tours
Andean Explorer
‘’Spirit of the Andes’’
Belmond Andean Explorer
’'Spirit of the Water’’
Belmond Andean Explorer
Belmond Miraflores Park
Belmond Palacio Nazarenas
Belmond Hotel Monasterio
Belmond Sanctuary Lodge
Machu PicchuPeru
Belmond Hotel Rio Sagrado
Sacred ValleyPeru
Belmond Hotel Las Casitas
Colca CanyonPeru

*Information on Peru:
Information on Peru Hotel Accomodation
Peru Hotel Reservations
Visit Peru Guide
Lima Hotel Reservations
Visit Lima Guide
Cusco Hotel Reservations
Visit Cusco Guide
Machu Picchu Hotel Reservations
Visit Machu Picchu Guide
Aguas Calientes Hotel Reservations
Visit Aguas Calientes Guide
Arequipa Hotel Reservations
Visit Arequipa Guide
Callao Hotel Reservations
Visit Callao Guide
Cerro de Pasco Hotel Reservations
Visit Cerro de Pasco  Guide
Colca Canyon Hotel Reservations
Visit Colca Canyon Guide
Huancayo Hotel Reservations
Visit Huancayo Guide
Inca Trail Hotel Reservations
Visit Inca Trail Guide
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu Hotel Reservations
Visit Inca Trail to Machu Picchu Guide
Juliaca Hotel Reservations
Visit Juliaca Guide
Lake Titicaca Hotel Reservations
Visit Lake Titicaca Guide
Puno Hotel Reservations
Visit Puno Guide
Matarani Hotel Reservations
Visit Matarani Guide
Nazca Hotel Reservations
Visit Nazca Guide
Nazca Lines Hotel Reservations
Visit Nazca Lines Guide
Sacred Valley Hotel Reservations
Sacred Valley Trail Guide
Sacred Valley of the Incas Hotel Reservations
Visit Sacred Valley of the Incas Guide
Rail Holidays
Rail Vacations
Luxury Trains
Luxury Tours
International Trains
International Tours
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