Transport in PeruTransport in Peru
Railways in Peru
Peru Railroad Total: 2,374 km
Standard Gauge: 1,608 km, 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) gauge
Narrow Gauge: 380 km, 3 ft (914 mm) gauge
There are Two Unconnected Principal Railways in Peru.
The Ferrocarril Central Andino (FCCA; the former Ferrocarril Central del Perú) runs inland from Callao and Lima across the Andes watershed to La Oroya and Huancayo. It is the second highest railway in the world (following opening of the Qingzang railway in Tibet), with the Galera summit tunnel under Mount Meiggs at 4,783 m (15,692 ft) and Galera station at 4,777 m (15,673 ft) above sea level. In 1955 the railway opened a spur line from La Cima on the Morococha branch (4,818 m (15,807 ft) above sea level) to Volcán Mine, reaching an (at the time) world record altitude of 4,830 m (15,850 ft). Both branch and spur have since closed to traffic. From Huancayo the route is extended by the Ferrocarril Huancayo - Huancavelica. In July 2006 FCCA began work to regauge the Huancavelica line from 3 ft (0.91 m) to standard gauge and it was finished in 2010. There was also a proposal for a 21 km tunnel under the Andes.
The Ferrocarriles del Sur del Perú (FCS), now operated by PeruRail, runs from the coast at Matarani to Cuzco, and to Puno on Lake Titicaca. From Cuzco, PeruRail and IncaRail run the 3 ft (0.91 m) gauge line to Aguas Calientes for Machu Picchu.
Rail Maps of Peru
UNHCR Map for Peru and Ecuador
Road maps by Ministry of Transportation and Communication
Towns Served in Peru by Central Railways
See: Ferrocarril Central Andino
Towns Served in Peru by Southern Railway
Southern Railway is now part of PeruRail
Lima has a metro service or Lima Metro, also called Tren eléctrico that has now only one line (called Linea 1). The line has an extension of 34.6 km. with 26 stations, and goes from the south east to north east Lima urban districts passing downtown (This is Villa El Salvador to San Juan de Lurigancho). The second line (called Linea 2) is now under construction and will run from the port of Callao to Ate passing downtown too (west to east).(2015).
Huancayo Metro is the second urban rail line in Peru, is located in the Andean city of Huancayo and is currently under construction (2012).
Proposed Railways in Peru
total: 85,900 km
paved: 45,000 km (Of which approximately 350 km. of divided multi-line roads)
unpaved: 40,900 km (1999 est.)
The Pan American Highway runs the country from north to south next to the coast, from Tumbes (Ecuadoran border) to Tacna (Chilean border). From Arequipa a branch goes to Puno and then to Bolivia. Other important highways are the Longitudinal de la Sierra, that goes from north to south in the highlands; and the Carretera Central, that goes from Lima (in the coast) to Pucallpa (in the jungle).
Long Distance Buses in Peru
Inter-city travel in Peru is almost exclusively done in long distance buses. Buses in most of the cities depart from bus terminals called terminal terrestre. The main bus companies that serve Lima with the major cities include Cruz del Sur and Ormeño. Other companies are Civa, Tepsa, Cial, Flores and Oltursa.
Waterways in Peru
8,600 km of navigable tributaries of Amazon system and 208 km of Lake Titicaca.
There are river boat service from Yurimaguas and Pucallpa to Iquitos, and from there to the Brazilian border in the Amazon river. Touristic boats can be reached at Puno in the Lake Titicaca.
Pipelines in Peru
Pacific Ocean PortsLake Titicaca PortsAmazon Basin Ports
According to a 1999 estimate there are 234 airports in Peru. Jorge Chavez International Airport, in Lima is Peru's main national and international gateway, with an estimate of 98 percent of all international flights into Peru landing at this airport. Other important airports are located in Cusco, Arequipa, Iquitos and Piura.
Airports - with paved runways:
International airlines connecting Peru with North America, Europe and other Latin American countries include: