British Rail - British Rail Network/British Rail Regions - E

British Rail - E
British Rail Network
British Rail Regions
With its creation in 1948, British Railways was divided into regions which were initially based on the areas the former Big Four operated in, later, several lines were transferred between regions. Notably, these included the former Great Central lines from the Eastern Region to the London Midland Region, and the West of England Main Line from the Southern Region to Western Region
  • Southern Region: former Southern Railway lines.
  • Western Region: former Great Western Railway lines.
  • London Midland Region: former London, Midland and Scottish Railway lines in England and Wales.
  • Eastern Region: former London and North Eastern Railway lines south of York.
  • Anglia Region: split from Eastern Region in 1988.
  • North Eastern Region: former London and North Eastern Railway lines in England north of York.
  • Scottish Region: all lines, regardless of the original company, in Scotland.
The North Eastern Region was merged with the Eastern Region in 1967.
British Rail Sectorisation
In 1982, the regions were abolished as the service provider (but retained for administration) and replaced by "business sectors", a process known as sectorisation.
The passenger sectors were (by the early 1990s):
  • InterCity (express services).
  • Caledonian sleeper services (Night train services) (later transferred to ScotRail).
  • Gatwick Express (express service to/from Gatwick Airport).
  • Network SouthEast (London commuter services).
  • Regional Railways (regional services).
  • Alphaline (enhanced regional express passenger services) (Added in 1994).
  • ScotRail (regional and sub-intercity services in Scotland).
  • TransPennine Express (sub-intercity services in the North).
In addition, the non-passenger sectors were:
  • Trainload Freight took trainload freight.
  • Railfreight Distribution took non-trainload freight.
  • Freightliner took intermodal traffic.
  • Rail Express Systems took parcels traffic.
The maintenance and remaining engineering works were split off into a new company, British Rail Maintenance Limited. The new sectors were further subdivided into divisions.
This ended the BR blue period as new liveries were adopted gradually. Infrastructure remained the responsibility of the regions until the "Organisation for Quality" initiative in 1991 when this too was transferred to the sectors. The Anglia Region was created in late 1987, its first General Manager being John Edmonds, who began his appointment on 19 October 1987. Full separation from the Eastern Region – apart from engineering design needs – occurred on 29 April 1988. It handled the services from Fenchurch Street and Liverpool Street, its western boundary being Hertford East, Meldreth and Whittlesea.
The former BR network, with the trunk routes of the West Coast Main Line, East Coast Main Line, Great Western Main Line, Great Eastern Main Line and Midland Main Line, and other lines.
British Rail Overview
British Rail Type: State-owned enterprise
British Rail Industry: Railway transport, logistics, shipping, and manufacturing of rolling stock
British Rail Predecessor:
Great Western Railway
London, Midland & Scottish Railway
London & North Eastern Railway
Southern Railway
British Rail Founded: 1 January 1948
British Rail Defunct: 20 November 1997
British Rail Fate: Privatised
British Rail Successor:
National Rail
Train Operating Franchises:
British Rail Headquarters: London, England
British Rail Area Served: Great Britain
British Rail Key People: Alastair Morton
(Final Chairman of the British Railways Board)
British Rail Products: Rail transport, cargo transport, services
British Rail Owner: Government of the United Kingdom
British Rail Parent:
British Transport Commission
British Railways Board
British Rail Divisions:
From 1948:
Eastern Region
London Midland Region
North Eastern Region
Scottish Region
Southern Region
Western Region
British Rail Research Division
Collection & Delivery
Night Star Parcels
Rail Express Parcels
Red Star Parcels
From 1982:
Network SouthEast
Railfreight Distribution
Rail Express Systems
Regional Railways
Trainload Freight
British Rail Subsidiaries:
British Rail Engineering Ltd
British Transport Hotels
European Passenger Services
Travellers Fare
Rail Holidays
Rail Vacations
Luxury Trains
Luxury Tours
International Trains
International Tours
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