Rail Transport in Great Britain - Regional Entities/Freight Companies - J

Rail Transport in Great Britain - J
Regional Entities
  • Transport for West Midlands
  • TfGM (Transport for Greater Manchester)
  • Merseytravel
  • Metro (West Yorkshire Metro)
  • Nexus (Tyne and Wear Passenger Transport Executive)
  • Travel South Yorkshire (South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive)
  • SPT (Strathclyde Partnership for Transport)
  • TfL (Transport for London)
Freight Companies
  • GB Railfreight
  • DB Cargo UK
  • Freightliner
  • Direct Rail Services
  • Colas Rail
  • Devon and Cornwall Railways
  • Mendip Rail
Open Access and Other Non-Franchised Passenger Operators
  • Eurostar
  • Grand Central
  • Heathrow Express
  • Hull Trains
  • Venice-Simplon Orient Express (VSOE)
Heritage and Private Railways
Many lines closed by British Railways, including many closed during the Beeching cuts, have been restored and reopened as heritage railways. A few have been relaid as narrow-gauge but the majority are standard-gauge. Most use both steam and diesel locomotives for haulage. Most heritage railways are operated as tourist attractions and do not provide regular year-round train services.
Proposed Line Re-Openings
Several pressure groups are campaigning for the re-opening of closed railway lines in Great Britain.
These include:
  • Ashington–Bedlington–Newcastle
  • Marlow Branch (Bourne End–High Wycombe)
  • Cambridge–Oxford, East West Rail   This project was approved by the Government in November 2011.
  • Carmarthen-Aberystwyth line
  • Colne–Skipton, Skipton-East Lancashire Rail Action Partnership
  • Great Central Railway Notts–Leicester
  • Lynn and Hunstanton Railway
  • Peak Rail: (Matlock–Bakewell). Under-funded line
  • Portishead Railway from Portishead to Bristol Temple Meads
  • South Staffordshire Line (Stourbridge–Walsall-Lichfield)
  • St Andrews Rail Link (Leuchars–St Andrews)
  • Wealden Line (Uckfield–Lewes)
  • Woodhead Line (Hadfield–Penistone)
  • York to Beverley Line (York–Beverley)
From 1995 until 2009, 27 new lines (totalling 199 track miles) and 68 stations were opened, with 65 further new station sites identified by Network Rail or government for possible construction. On 15 June 2009 the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) published the report Connecting Communities: Expanding Access to the Rail Network, detailing schemes around England where it believed there was a commercial business case for passenger network expansion.
The published proposals involved the re-opening or new construction of 40 stations, serving communities with populations of over 15,000, including 14 schemes involving the re-opening or reconstruction of rail lines for passenger services. These would be short-lead-time local projects, to be completed in timescales ranging from 2 years 9 months to 6 years, once approved by local and regional governments, Network Rail and the Department for Transport, complementing existing long-term national projects.
Links with Adjacent Countries
  • Great Britain (standard-gauge)
  • France (Eurostar) via the Channel Tunnel
  • Formerly by Train ferries.
  • Belgium (Eurostar) via France using the Channel Tunnel.
  • Netherlands (Eurostar) via France and Belgium using the Channel Tunnel.
Rail-Ferry-Rail Services
  • Netherlands – Dutchflyer rail/sea/rail service
  • Ireland – SailRail service via Holyhead, Stranraer or Fishguard
Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic caused a huge fall in the number of passengers using the railways, with journeys in 2020 being about 22% of the previous year, before rising again as travel restrictions eased. The UK Government funded private TOCs through grants during the pandemic, however many still had financial difficulties.
Rail Transport in Great Britain Overview
Infrastructure Company: Network Rail (until 2024)
Major Operators:
National Rail franchisees
Independent operators
State-owned operators
Ridership: 1.738 billion (2019/20)
Passenger km: 66.8 km (41.5 mi) billion (2019/20)
System Length Total: 15,811 km (9,824 mi)
Electrified: 5,374 km (3,339 mi)
No. Stations: 2,576
Rail Holidays
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Luxury Trains
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International Trains
International Tours
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